In 2011, allegations indicated that a third of registered voters were dead or aged 120 (Zimbabwe’s life expectancy is 44). These accusations were repeated in 2013, with the additional claim that a considerable number of young voters had not been registered. The Zimbabwe Election Support Network (ZESN), a local observer group with 7,000 monitors, listed a litany of offences, including state media bias, a campaign of intimidation in rural areas, and the rushed electoral process before key reforms to the security services were in place. The most significant allegation was of electoral roll tampering. Released the day before the election, the roll revealed an estimated 1 million invalid names and many deceased voters. It excluded up to 1 million people, mostly in urban areas where MDC support was strong. The Electoral Commission later reported that approximately 305,000 voters were turned away from polls and 207,000 voters were “assisted” on casting their ballots. There were also more than 100,000 centenarian ghost voters on the electoral roll. On 9 August, the MDC sought to have the results declared null and void. A week later they withdrew their petition. Despite their withdrawal, the Supreme Court of Zimbabwe ruled that the election was “free, fair and credible”.