Q.1. What is the need of decentralisation was recognised in our Constitution.? The CBSE Class 10 Social Science Important questions, which have been frequently asked in the exams, are provided here. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); 3) Name one country which has a unitary form of government. The basic idea behind decentralisation is that there are a large number of problems and issues which are best settled at the local level. As and when the ruling party at the State level was different, the parties that ruled at the Centre tried to undermine the power of the States. What was the condition before the 1992 constitutional amendment? This kind of coming together federation is seen in countries like the USA, Switzerland and Australia. In a federal government, there are two or more levels of government among whom powers are distributed evenly. The State Governments alone can make laws relating to the subjects mentioned in the State List. Certain seats were reserved for socially and economically backward classes like the scheduled tribes and scheduled castes to make the process fairer, along with mandatory one-third reservation for women. 15) Name any states of India which enjoy special powers because of their particular social and historical circumstances. Chapter wise important Questions for Class 10 CISCE. Ans) Federalism can be defined as an arrangement of government in which the power is distributed between the central authority and various constituent units of the country. NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physical Education, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Business Studies, NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Physical Education, CBSE Sample Papers for Class 10 Session 2020-2021, CBSE Sample Papers for Class 12 Session 2020-2021, Important Questions: Democracy and Diversity, Top Essay Writing Service with Tons of Pros. Chapter 2- Federalism. These areas, like Chandigarh, or Lakshadweep or the capital city of Delhi, are called Union Territories. Sarpanch the head of the gram panchayat is elected directly by every adult member of the village who is a part of the gram sabha. But in a federal system, the central government cannot order the state government to do something. Answers should not exceed 30 words. 6) What do you mean by a coalition government? 2) Belgium shifted from a unitary to a _______ form of government after changes of 1993. Question 1. etc. 1) Which country’s constitution’s key feature was to reduce the power of the central government and give powers to the regional government? 26) Which state of India has its constitution? AMEND EDUCATION ACADEMY Class 10 Chapter 3 - De... September (3) October (1) December (1) 2016 (6) February (1) March (1) Important Questions of Class 8 Political Science Chapter 10. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 8 Social Science. Firstly, the process of election was regularized and mandatory elections were to be held as per the instructions. While in a municipal corporation such an officer is known as ________. Why is decentralization favoured in a democracy? Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Important Questions is given below updated for new academic session 2020-21. While elections are held regularly and enthusiastically, gram sabhas are not held regularly. The given NCERT based questions … It has usually two levels of government both of which enjoy individual power. In a joining together federation the central government inclines to be more powerful concerning the states i.e. etc. Elections to these local governments were not held regularly. Many old States have vanished and many new States have been created. Judiciary solve the dispute in term of partition of power or power sharing. 1) Mention any 5 key features of the federal form of government. Ans) Mutual trust, agreement to live together. Download Apps for offline and online use. Ans) Before the 1992 constitutional amendment, the third tier i.e. In case of any dispute about the division of powers, the High Courts and the Supreme Court make a decision. because of their particular social and historical circumstances. Ask your doubts in Discussion Forum with your friends and … We (Net Explanations Teacher) discussed here each and every keyword from this Chapter 2 Federalism. Sources of revenue for each level of government are clearly specified to ensure its financial autonomy. The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government, the Union Government or what we call the Central Government, representing the governments. Although it did not use the word federation, the Indian Union is based on the principles of federalism. 8) An ideal federal system has both aspects of ______ and ________. One is the government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest. The flexibility shown by Indian political leaders helped our country avoid the kind of situation that Sri Lanka finds itself in. Class 10 Political Science Chapter 5 Important Extra Questions and Notes (Civics Chapter 5) Popular Struggle and Movement updated for new academic session 2020-21 based on new NCERT Books and following the latest CBSE Syllabus 2020-21. the local governments consisting of panchayats and municipalities did not have their powers however in 1992 after the decentralization took place the following steps were taken to improve their status. Some States enjoy a special status. Jammu and Kashmir has its own Constitution. The fundamental provisions cannot be changed or nurtured with based on the will of anyone specific tier of government and always has to be a joint consent. Certain powers along with some revenue amount for support was made mandatory for every state government to give to their local governments. (CBSE 2014), Which four provisions of the constitutional amendment of 1992 strengthened the third tier of democracy in India? The two governments are: 2) What are the two kinds of roots through which federation are formed? If you look the political map of India when it began its journey as a democracy in 1947 and that of 2017, you will be surprised by the extent of the changes. Hindi was identified as the official language. Most Important Questions (MIQ) for CBSE 10 Civics chapters on Topperlearning. Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its own JURISDICTION in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration. 18) _______ plays an important role in overseeing the implementation of constitutional provisions and procedures. This type of ‘coming together’ federations include the USA, Switzerland and Australia. Custom Essay Writing Services: How to Choose the Right One. In this second category, the central government tends to be more powerful vis-à-vis the States. This new system of local government is the largest experiment in democracy conducted anywhere in the world. Federalism Class 10 MCQs Questions with Answers. Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of the other. In 1947, the boundaries of several old States of India were changed in order to create new States. 4) What is the three different types of federalism practised in India? d. A four-tier system of government. Courts have the power to interpret the constitution and the powers of different levels of government.