After the invasion, DIA led the Iraq Survey Group to find the alleged Weapons of Mass Destruction. Analysts analyze and disseminate finalized intelligence products, focusing on national, strategic and tactical-level military issues that may arise from worldwide political, economic, medical, natural or other related processes. Defense Intelligence Agency. The organization grew and flourished, and was cited by the SSCI for its intelligence achievements. Additionally, the SCI access granted by other intelligence agencies, such as CIA or NSA, do not transfer to the DIA and vice versa. Commitment to excellence in defense of the Nation. [54], The U-2 reconnaissance plane discovered Soviet missiles in Cuba based on a flight path selected by DIA analysts, In late 1962, DIA established the Defense Intelligence School (now the National Intelligence University), and on 1 January 1963, it activated a new Production Center. This turned out to be duplicative, costly, and ineffective as each department provided their own, often conflicting estimates to the Secretary of Defense and other Federal agencies. As one of the principal members of the U.S. Intelligence Community, the agency works to inform national civilian and defense policymakers about the military intentions and capabilities of foreign governments and non-state actors, while also providing department-level intelligence assistance and coordination to individual military service intelligence components and the warfighter. The Agency has conflicted with the CIA in collection and analysis on the existence of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and has often represented the Pentagon in the CIA-DoD intelligence rivalry due to DIA's clandestine HUMINT collection and often overlapping analysis products. In 1980s, the DIA moved its headquarters to the DIAC (seen here in 1988), which now represents only one wing of the sprawling complex. DIA will be relinquishing management of the NIU to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence in 2014 and the university will be moving from the DIAC to its own campus in Bethesda, Maryland.[16]. The new Agency's mission was the continuous task of collecting, processing, evaluating, analyzing, integrating, producing, and disseminating military intelligence for the DoD. Government branch: Executive Department Sub-Office/Agency/Bureau. [19], Unlike the CIA and NSA, the DIA polygraph is of Counterintelligence Scope (CI), rather than Full Scope (FS) (also known as Expanded Scope Screening or ESS), meaning that it is less intrusive as far as one's personal life is concerned. [54], Also at this time, the Agency concentrated on the rapidly shifting national security environment, characterized by key issues such as changes within the Soviet Union, counter-narcotics, war fighting capabilities and sustainability, and low-intensity conflict. Analysts serve DIA in all of the agency's facilities as well as globally in the field. The 13 stars and the wreath are adopted from the Department of Defense seal and mean glory and peace, respectively, which the DoD secures as part of its work. Directorate of Operations: The Directorate of Operations manages DIA's intelligence operations which includes the Defense Clandestine Service and the Defense Attache System. Over the following years Project Socrates's scope broadened to include monitoring of foreign advanced technology as a whole. The Murphy and Rockefeller Commission investigations of charges of intelligence abuse ultimately led to an Executive Order that modified many Intelligence Community functions. DIA is designated the national manager for MASINT collection within the United States Intelligence Community, coordinating all MASINT gathering across agencies. Do You Have to Vote for the Party You're Registered With? Recognize it is a privilege and an honor to support and defend the United States of America. The program was then authorized by JCS Chairman John Vessey, and sanctioned by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI), with the sponsorship of Senator Jesse Helms (R-NC) and Senator Barry Goldwater (R-AZ). A report by Stern Magazine stated that German BfV and DIA officers had witnessed the murder of a policewoman during their surveillance of the "Sauerland" group - an Islamist organization that planned attacks on U.S. military installations in Germany - but that neither of the agencies reported it, thus enabling subsequent violent acts by the same criminal entities. The Pentagon [59] The two red atomic ellipses symbolize the scientific and technical aspects of intelligence today and of the future. Directorate for Analysis: The Directorate of Analysis manages the all-source analysis elements of DIA. The Director is also the Commander of the Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance, a subordinate command of United States Strategic Command, which is co-located with the DIA. [54], DIA originally reported to the Secretary through the JCS. The Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency is a three-star general or admiral who, upon nomination by the President and confirmation by the Senate, serves as the nation's highest-ranking military intelligence officer. Teamwork Integrity in spirit and in deed. DIA provided significant intelligence support to Operation Earnest Will while closely monitoring incidents such as the Iraqi rocket attack on the USS Stark, the destruction of Iranian oil platforms, and Iranian attacks on Kuwaiti oil tankers. Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). [54], Defense Clandestine Service recruitment poster, In response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in August 1990, DIA set up an extensive, 24-hour, crisis management cell designed to tailor national-level intelligence support to the coalition forces assembled to expel Iraq from Kuwait. Official websites use .gov Intelligence support to U.S. allies in the Middle East intensified as the Iran–Iraq War spilled into the Persian Gulf. Directorate Science and Technology: The Directorate of Science and Technology manages DIA's technical assets and personnel. He ordered them to develop a plan that would integrate all the military intelligence of the DoD, a move that met strong resistance from the service intelligence units, whose commanders viewed the DIA as undesirable encroachment on their turf. DoD moved decisively to improve its automated data bases and apply additional resources to the monitoring of terrorist groups, illegal arms shipments, and narcotics trafficking. Ultimately, the organization was created to balance CIA's espionage operations which primarily targeted Soviet KGB/GRU officers, but ignored and were dismissive of Third World targets in areas of potential military conflict. DIA came of age in the 1980s by focusing heavily on the intelligence needs of both field commanders and national-level decision makers. Unlike the more expansive memorial at DIA's fellow defense agency NSA - which marks not only the losses of NSA's direct employees but servicemen from all US military branches operating on behalf of or assigned to the NSA - the DIA does not count servicemen lost while carrying out missions tasked by the Agency. [11] Additionally, the agency operates the Joint-Use Intelligence Analysis Facility at Rivanna Station in Charlottesville, Virginia, the National Center for Medical Intelligence (NCMI) in Fort Detrick, Maryland, the Missile and Space Intelligence Center (MSIC) in Huntsville, Alabama, and the Defense Intelligence Support Center (DISC) in Reston, Virginia. Subsequently, the Agency provided threat data on "hot spots" throughout the Middle East, Africa, and Asia, while assessing the impact of changes in the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and, to a lesser degree, Asia. According to one account, the interrogators of what was then DIA's Defense HUMINT Service (currently the Defense Clandestine Service), forced subjects to watch gay porn, draped them with the Israeli Flag and interrogated them in rooms lit by strobe lights for 16–18 hours, all the while telling prisoners that they were from FBI. This trend is, however, gradually changing as the overextended CIA transfers parts of its military intelligence requirements to the Defense Clandestine Service and other elements of the intelligence community. In fact, according to a report published by the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense of Intelligence, while the usually more stringent NSA is willing to give its applicants several shots at passing the polygraph, DIA tends to give one or at most two opportunities to clear the test, after which the employment offer is rescinded. According to classified documents leaked by Edward Snowden and published by the Washington Post in 2013, the National Intelligence Program (NIP) component of the overall US intelligence budget contained approximately $4.4 billion/year for the General Defense Intelligence Program (GDIP), which is managed by the DIA, even as it is not exclusively for the agency's use. Der Spiegel report, for its part, noted that security organizations prefer not to disclose the details of their work or the nature of their cooperation with other intelligence organizations, implying that the DIA and German agencies could be denying involvement to maintain secrecy. In 1977, a charter revision further clarified DIA's relationship with the JCS and the Defense Secretary. [54], Intense Congressional review during 1975-76 created turbulence within the national Intelligence Community. Gellman, Barton; Greg Miller (August 29, 2013). The JCS published Directive 5105.21, "Defense Intelligence Agency" on 1 August, and DIA began operations with a handful of employees in borrowed office space on 1 October 1961. [42] The detention center outlived the black sites ran by the Central Intelligence Agency, with the DIA allegedly continuing to use "restricted" interrogation methods in the facility under a secret authorization. Provide intelligence on foreign militaries to prevent and decisively win wars. The Defense Intelligence Agency provides defense intelligence to war fighters, planners, and policy makers. To learn more about DIA, please visit DIA is also in the process of building a new campus in Bethesda, Maryland which will serve as the new location of the National Intelligence University as well as a facility for DIA and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence. Project Socrates ended in 1990 with Michael Sekora, the project's director, leaving in protest when the Bush Administration reduced funding. In 2006, at the height of Donald Rumsfeld's push to further expand the scope of military intelligence beyond tactical considerations, the DIA was estimated to receive up to $3 billion annually.[24]. Additionally, the DIA conducted a handful of FS polygraphs on its personnel remaining overseas in excess of 6.5 years, although this practice appeared to be outside the scope of DIA's authorization at the time.