In November 2009, the Dominican Republic became the first Latin American country to pledge to include a "gender perspective" in every information and communications technology (ICT) initiative and policy developed by the government. The driest part of the country lies in the west. The Santo Domingo Metro is part of a major "National Master Plan" to improve transportation in Santo Domingo as well as the rest of the nation. [264], • El Choco National Park The following mills, first listed from east to west in the southern part of the country and then those on the north coast, are all either closed or have stopped using railways. France threatened to intervene militarily and confiscate all customs revenues for $280,000 debt. • Jaragua National Park The DR has quite a crazy history. Thus, Ovando expropriated the gold mines of Miguel Diaz and Francisco de Garay in 1504, as pit mines became royal mines, though placers were open to private prospectors. But the development of the sugar mills, etc, brought a lot of debt: By end of 1800’s, DR was nearly bankrupt with 30mil in debt, and lots of pressure from foreign countries who owned that debt. [122], The Dominican Republic is a representative democracy or democratic republic,[15][4][118] with three branches of power: executive, legislative, and judicial. [158][159] In 2010, 31.2% of the population was under 15 years of age, with 6% of the population over 65 years of age. [106], Trujillo was assassinated on May 30, 1961[96] with weapons supplied by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). [15], The "Dominican" word comes from the Latin Dominicus, meaning Sunday. [151] There were 2,439,997 Internet users in March 2009.[152]. There was progress in healthcare, education, and transportation, with the building of hospitals and clinics, schools, and roads and harbors. Abraham Lincoln N° 452 Local 220B, Plaza La Francesa, Piantini, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic coronavirus: 2 deaths and 421 positive cases reported in the last hours, Abinader says curfew schedule may vary according to the behavior of the COVID-19, This Monday, November 9, the curfew starts at 7:00 pm, The Government has no plans to eliminate curfew on Christmas and New Years, Tourism: Dominican Republic faces one of the strongest crises, Country-brand: Dominican Republic-Cocaine, Puerto Plata, all efforts in a baseball team to promote tourism, Dominican Gov. Website Feedback. (1-2) - Acento - El más ágil y moderno diario electrónico de la República Dominicana", "Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo - INTEC - Emilio Rodríguez Demorizi", "Trayectorias Literarias: Manuel del Cabral", "Héctor Incháustegui Cabral: Introducción a "Poesía Sorprendida, "Nace Héctor Incháustegui, poeta, profesor, ensayista y animador cultural – El Nacional", "Biografia de Héctor Incháustegui Cabral", "René del Risco, poesía y angustia de la ciudad", "Junot Díaz Steps Down as Pulitzer Chairman Amid Review of Misconduct Allegations", "Alcaldía del DN y políticos destacan aportes de jóvenes", " - Your favorite newspapers and magazines", "Dominican Republic National Commission for UNESCO", "Caribbean culture in Dominican Republic", "Bebidas típicas de República Dominicana", Fashion: Oscar de la Renta (Dominican Republic), "Ejército Nacional de la República Dominicana – Bandera Nacional", "La rosa de Bayahíbe, nuestra flor nacional", "Dominicana busca corona en el clásico mundial", "San Diego Hall of Champions – Sports at Lunch, Luis Castillo and Felix Sanchez", "Fedujudo comparte con dirigentes provinciales", Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, Official Website of the Ministry of Tourism of the Dominican Republic, Official Commercial Website Ministry of Tourism of the Dominican Republic, Official Website of the IDDI, Instituto Dominicano de Desarrollo Integral, Caribbean Connections: Dominican Republic,, 1492 establishments in the Spanish West Indies, 1821 establishments in the Dominican Republic, 1861 establishments in the Spanish West Indies, 1865 disestablishments in the Spanish West Indies, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1844, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with dead external links from October 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles needing additional references from June 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2020, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from September 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2014, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2017, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Poorer colonists subsisted by hunting the herds of wild cattle that roamed throughout the island and selling their leather. Palo is played at religious ceremonies—usually coinciding with saints' religious feast days—as well as for secular parties and special occasions. By 1963, he had designs bearing his own label. The largest lake is Enriquillo, a salt lake at 45 metres (148 ft) below sea level, the lowest elevation in the Caribbean. In fact, the original name for the genre was amargue ("bitterness," or "bitter music,"), until the rather ambiguous (and mood-neutral) term bachata became popular. [citation needed], In 1838, Juan Pablo Duarte founded a secret society called La Trinitaria, which sought the complete independence of Santo Domingo without any foreign intervention. (March 2nd). Two quarters are red and two are blue. [104] Dissidents inside the Dominican Republic argued that assassination was the only certain way to remove Trujillo. “It was a beautiful dynamic to watch as the students worked together,” said Jose Constanza, UNPHU dean of student welfare and professor of architecture, whose students are also developing projects to renovate the mills. [citation needed] The arrival of small French squadrons off the Haitian coast at Goncaives and at Santo Domingo forced the Haitians to withdraw. Change ), Smile! [42][97] This was accompanied by absolute repression and the copious use of murder, torture, and terrorist methods against the opposition. (March 9th). Noted fashion designer Oscar de la Renta was born in the Dominican Republic in 1932, and became a US citizen in 1971. In 1804 the Haitian slaves revolted and defeated Napoleons troops with Machettes and Haiti was independent (the french had to reload their guns, but machettes don’t need to be reloaded). The president and vice-president run for office on the same ticket and are elected by direct vote for 4-year terms. In 2011, a submission was filed under the Labor Chapter of the Dominican Republic-Central American-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). Porter?) The country's area is reported variously as 48,442 km2 (18,704 sq mi) (by the embassy in the United States)[15] and 48,670 km2 (18,792 sq mi),[4] making it the second largest country in the Antilles, after Cuba. [169][170][171] Some Sephardic Jews reside in Sosúa while others are dispersed throughout the country. When the War of Jenkins' Ear between Spain and Britain broke out in 1739, Spanish privateers, particularly from Santo Domingo, began to patrol the Caribbean Sea, a development that lasted until the end of the eighteenth century. [172], The population of the Dominican Republic is mostly Spanish-speaking. locomotives were in use (one 7-ton, three 11-ton, one 22-ton, one 14-ton, one 34-ton and one 26-ton), together with 236 Gregg cane cars, six box cars, six sugar cars and 18 dump cars, carrying 128,000 tons, including 1000,000 tons of cane, 10,000 of sugar, 10,000 tons of firewood, 5,000 tons of coal and various materials and 3,000 tons of stone and sand. And there was a market for it: US consumption of sugar increased from 1million tons in 1880 to 2,660,000 tons in 1900. visas. [30][31], During the last three decades, the Dominican economy, formerly dependent on the export of agricultural commodities (mainly sugar, cocoa and coffee), has transitioned to a diversified mix of services, manufacturing, agriculture, mining, and trade. Danilo Medina of the PLD was elected president in 2012 and re-elected in 2016. A red ribbon under the shield reads, "República Dominicana" (meaning "Dominican Republic"). The contest was won by Medina with 51.21% of the vote, against 46.95% in favor of Mejia. locomotives were still on the roster, together with five 45-ton diesels and 500 10-ton cane cars. In 1821 Jose Nunez de Caceres proclaimed the DR and independent nation. The Dominican Republic is located near fault action in the Caribbean. Ultimately the network extended to 72 miles and in 1978 six GE and Plymouth diesel According to the United States Department of State, "The constitution specifies that there is no state church and provides for freedom of religion and belief. On Monday, April 29, a delegation of faculty from Santo Domingo’s UNPHU will visit UM’s School of Architecture to review all the proposed projects the students have worked on. San Pedro, Dominican Republic.- The Cristóbal Colón sugar mill, owned by the CAEI group, obtained the ProTerra Foundation’s certification for its sustainability policy, becoming the firs facility of its type in the country and the Caribbean in achieve the recognition. The mill itself, with a 2,000 We found no trace of it. ( Log Out /  Archrivals Santana and Buenaventura Báez held power most of the time, both ruling arbitrarily. (March 10th). The occupying government also revived the Dominican economy, reduced the nation's debt, built a road network that at last interconnected all regions of the country, and created a professional National Guard to replace the warring partisan units. [192] The Dominican Republic has two Catholic patroness saints: Nuestra Señora de la Altagracia (Our Lady Of High Grace) and Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes (Our Lady Of Mercy). The police are not part of the Dominican armed forces but share some overlapping security functions. 7 32287 11/1907, No. This mill was opened in 1918. • Monte Cristi National Park These highways have been consistently improved with the expansion and reconstruction of many sections. tonnes/day capacity, closed after the 2006/07 season and has been used as a garage for agricultural equipment since, with all cane now trucked to Ingenio Cristobal Colón. This was a time of economic troubles. Ingenio Santa Fé, San Pedro de Macoris (NE of town): During the rebuilding process, Trujillo renamed Santo Domingo to "Ciudad Trujillo" (Trujillo City),[42] and the nation's – and the Caribbean's – highest mountain La Pelona Grande (Spanish for: The Great Bald) to "Pico Trujillo" (Spanish for: Trujillo Peak).