Both these types of philosophies have shaped the mindsets of many people, and in their ways have helped build the world that we know today. Western philosophy can be divided into Ancient Greek philosophy, medieval philosophy, modern philosophy and contemporary philosophy, while Eastern philosophy includes Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Japanese philosophy etc. Similarly, Plato, who is a representative figure of ancient Greek philosophy, also offered his political opinions, which is highly related to his theory of forms. And yet, Western countries are very close to ocean. "Eastern Philosophers vs Western Philosophers" (feat. As agriculture activities are regular and predicable, Easterners prefer to believe past experience rather than abstract principles. Eastern philosophy has roots that lead back to the Chinese belief of harmony. As Hamilton and Webster (2009) states in their book about culture difference “Difference in approach can also be seen in negotiations.иWesterners expect to focus on contentious issues and try to achieve the most beneficial outcomes for themselves. Have you thought about the question—“Is the world around us knowable?” For most Westerners, the answer is positive. The Atman is the nearest
Lao-Tzu, Sun Tzu, Mulla Sadra, Rumi, Confucius, and Siddhartha Gautama were few of the famous Eastern philosophers. This shows that geography plays a significantly important role in the development of philosophy. However, for Western philosophers, they are inclined to put the origin of all things in the universe at first place, and then analyze how the world works. more into the inner world, realizes the glory of the Atman and becomes great. Both the differences of emphasis and methodology can be explained from this perspective. For another instance, both Eastern and Western world had experienced a lot of reforms, but the leader of the reform would take totally different approaches. In contras, Western philosophy has a set of theories of reasoning (like syllogism and deductive reasoning), which can form people’s decisive mind habit. Stanley Milgram : Obedience to Authority Experiments, Conformity under Social Pressure : Solomon Asch, Stephen Fry quotations and quotes on God and Religion, Stephen Fry's controversial interview on Irish TV, Indian Vedic-Hindu Philosophy ~ The Atman which is Brahman, Western Philosophy as a series of footnotes to Plato - A. N. Whitehead quote, Comparative Religion studies & The Faith vs Reason Debate. The Eastern philosophy takes on a holistic standpoint and views every part of an individual as a whole and equals. As Windelband (1956) cites homer “The natural link of the three great continents was this sea, with its islands and coasts occupied by the most gifted of people, which from the earliest historical times had settled all its coasts.” As a result, most Western countries are highly commercialized and industrialized. Eastern philosophy is centred around the concept of “unity” or “Collectivism”, and concentrated around helping one another instead of oneself. Each one of them has come up with their idealistic viewpoint that has influenced religions, politics and essential views of many people in the Asian civilisation. Western Philosophy in a nutshell is an amalgamation of hundreds of schools of thought which later got subdued into mainstream be it Hedonism ,Skepticism, Cynicism ,Epicureans,etc or on the whole ,Materialism . Though they are confronted with the same questions, the focal points are usually different from each other, which is caused by the disparity of their opinions toward the importance of philosophical problems.