However, the females do not have problems of difficult calving of large calves at birth. Recently, a familial peripheral neuropathy and glomerulopathy has been described in the Gelbvieh breed. SC data for yearling bulls and 2-year-old bulls are available for many of the common beef breeds (Tables 31-1 and 31-2). Local strains of Gelbvieh are Limpurger and Glan in Germany, which were recently restored. Then came the 70's and 80's when European Cattle or exotics were introduced to purebred breeders. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The blood percentages for an animal to be registerable as a Gelbray allows breeders in all regions to select cattle that will best perform in their pastures. Gelbvieh (Yellow cattle) is a local breed in Germany. Gelbvieh is a maternal Continental breed from Germany. Both sexes can be affected, but calves typically remain bright, alert, and appetent even when recumbent. The coat color is fawn to reddish-brown. Double-muscled breeds such as Piedmonte, Belgian Blue, Parthenaise, Blonde d'Aquataine, and Limousin have a later onset of puberty and smaller average testis size at puberty and at maturity. Great differences are recognized between breeds of bulls in average testicular size at any given age. Mature cow size and milking ability are important considerations in matching breed and type to production environment. In the nineteenth century the intensification of agriculture made in this hilly area and heavy soils the need to use draft animals, strong and good capacity for walking. They are less susceptible to skin diseases such as cancer eyes or sunburned udders. The beef cattle industry is now in an era of biotechnology. College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program, Production: a calf every 12 months from each cow. It is a typical dual-purpose breed (Table 5) with heavy cows (750 kg in weight and 140 cm in height) and bulls (1100 kg in weight and 152 cm in height). The Mirandesa breed is kept in Northeastern Portugal and is used for triple purpose. The neck of the Gelbvieh cattle is moderately short with well-developed muscles in the bulls and smooth in the cows. The Modicana breed is of Podolian origin and is mainly kept on Sicilia with a substrain on the Sardi Island. Table 5. There are many reasons to produce this breed. The Gelbvieh cattle is a German bovine breed, originally from Franconia in the North of Bavaria. The bodily form is long, wide and deep; with back, loin and ankle well united and straight. Gelbvieh cattle is used mainly to produce meat. This biotype produces channels according to market demands. In general, faster-gaining breeds that mature at a larger size (e.g., Charolais, Chianina) reach puberty at an older age than slower-gaining breeds with a smaller mature size (e.g., Hereford, Angus).9 Researchers have also shown that breeds selected for milk production (e.g., Gelbvieh, Brown Swiss, Simmental, Braunvieh, Red Poll, Pinzgauer) reach puberty at younger ages than do breeds of similar size not selected for milk production (e.g., Charolais, Chianina, Limousine, Hereford).9,10. The spermatogenic rates in normal postpubertal bulls of different breeds are similar, and each gram of functional seminiferous tissue contains a similar amount of seminiferous tubule epithelium. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. There are relationships to other breeds: Maronesa, Arouquesa, and Verinesa in Spain. I met my wonderful wife Alisa through the Gelbvieh cattle industry early in my veterinary career, and we have two beautiful daughters that have truly been a pleasure to raise. In developing a profitable genetic program the best traits for the herd can be selected for a balanced cowherd. The results of this research have been so noteworthy that 70% of cattle ranchers near Clay Center and South Eastern Nebraska, now run Gelbvieh cattle or cross-breeds in their herds. Marie-Eve Fecteau, Raymond W. Sweeney, in Food Animal Practice (Fifth Edition), 2009. Animal scientists say three breed composites like Gelbray can retain 67% of the hybrid vigor they generate while other two cross breeds cannot. Elaborate facilities and high priced cattle sales were signs of the times. The Tarentaise is a solid colored (reddish to wheat colored with an eel stripe) breed in Southeastern France, originating from the Massif Central, and is well adapted to rough conditions and is also kept in North Africa. Substrains of the Herens are the Evolenard. Some breeders, however, have capitalized on the high heritability of testicle size and have made remarkable progress selecting for that trait. In addition, the head is proportionally wide and deep, of a medium length, with good separation between the eyes. Weaning weights: as many pounds of calf produced per acre of land as economically practical. Significant genetic variation exists among breeds of beef cattle for age at puberty.7 In general, faster-gaining breeds of larger mature size reach puberty at a greater weight than that observed for slower-gaining breeds of smaller size. The color pattern varies from big splashes to small spots in an irregular dark red to brown patched coat. The nasal bone is oval, broad and strong. ... trouble-free life. Crossbreeding with Maines adds: stretch, growth rate, quiet disposition and more pounds at weaning to a herd. Since it produces up to 650 kg. Reproduced from International Committee for Animal Recording (ICAR), 2008. Guide to the American Gelbvieh Association Expected Progeny Differences (EPDs) Expected progeny differences (EPDs) can be used to predict the average performance of a bull’s offspring compared to other calves in their contemporary group (a contemporary group being calves that were born in the same calving season, in the same year, herd, sex, and were managed similarly).