Though he was a fickle husband, Zeus could not tolerate anyone to flirt with the beautiful Hera. Hesiod, in his Theogony, similarly describes Hera as: ‘of Argos’ and more frequently as ‘golden-sandaled’. It is of Greek origin, and the meaning of Hera is "queen". Zeus became so angry that he hung her in the clouds by a golden chain, and attached heavy anvils to her feet. Mythology: Hera (Juno to the Romans) was the Greek Queen of Heaven, wife of Zeus. Dealing with her husband's infidelities resulted in her also being called the goddess of marriages. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 10 Sep 2012. Hera is the goddess of marriage.Her name means great lady, the feminine form of the Greek word hero. The annual Matronalia was a festival held in her honour in June, the month which carried her name and the period regarded as the most auspicious time to get married in Roman culture. Hera was the patron of Argos, which possessed a sanctuary to the goddess from the mid-8th century BCE. However, Hera discovered their courting, took custody of the cow. Hera's origin is Old Greek, and its use, Greek. Despite the fact that Hera did not quite wish to marry Zeus in the beginning, later … She is the youngest daughter of Rhea and Kronos, as well as the older sister and wife of Zeus, therefore being the Queen of Olympus. Hera as a girl's name is of Greek origin meaning "queen". Zeus then employed Hermes to lull Argos to sleep and kill him. She was also known to turn her anger towards mortals who crossed her as well – for example, Paris, who chose Aphrodite over Hera as the most beautiful goddess at the marriage of the sea-nymph Thetis to a mortal called Peleus. She may have been queen of the Greek gods, but her name is wispy and wan. The island of Samos, in some accounts the birthplace of the goddess, had been a centre for cult worship of the goddess as far back as the Mycenaean period in the mid-2nd millennium BCE, and a major centre was created from the 8th century BCE which prospered right into the Roman period. Mark is a history writer based in Italy. The Titans Ocean and Tethys brought her up. She represented the ideal woman. His marriage with Metis, who is said to have surpassed both gods and men in knowledge, represents supreme power allied to wisdom and prudence. The Greek gods are deified human ancestors who put their man-centered religion in place. 30 Dec 2020. Finally, two more victims of the queen of gods were Ixion, who was tied to an ever-spinning wheel down in Hades as punishment for his attempted seduction of Hera, and Tityos, who was punished for the same indiscretion by being chained to a rock and having his liver eaten daily by a vulture. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Dealing with her husband's infidelities resulted in her also being called the goddess of marriages. Learn more. Elis Silver Staterby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). However, without any specific attributes she is often hard to distinguish from other goddesses. Hera, in ancient Greek religion, a daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, sister-wife of Zeus, and queen of the Olympian gods. Though she may have been physically attractive, her vindictive personality makes her less so. HERA Meaning: "protectress," related to hērōs "hero," originally "defender, protector" (see hero (n.1)). Related Content Hera Origin and Meaning The name Hera is a girl's name of Greek origin meaning "protectress". He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Hera punished one of Zeus’s love interests, Io, by putting her in the charge of Argus. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Hera/. Hera was also responsible for some of the fierce monsters Hercules had to fight - the lion which terrorized Nemea and the Ladon dragon which protected the goddess’ sacred apple trees, a wedding gift from Gaia. In Greek art Leto usually appears carrying her children in her arms, pursued by the dragon sent by the jealous Hera, which is slain by the infant Apollo; in vase paintings especially she is often represented with Apollo and Artemis. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Even the great Zeus feared his wife Hera. Hera was a major female character in the pantheon of gods of ancient Greece. From Greek Hēra ‘lady’, feminine of hērōs ‘hero’, perhaps used as a title. Since Hera's husband was Zeus, king not only of gods, but of philanderers, Hera spent a lot of time in Greek mythology angry with Zeus. She is most often seated on a throne and sometimes wears a crown (polos), holds a royal sceptre, and wears a bridal veil. Hera: Baby Name Popularity If you use any of the content on this page in your own work, please use the code below to cite this page as the source of the content. She is known for being the Goddess of Marriage & Birth. Hera had no concept of justice when angry or jealous; she could not forgive the women with whom Zeus had sexual relationsâeven if they were innocent of wrongdoing. She is the protector of marriage and childbearing. The name “Hera” came directly from the contemporary Greek word Hēra, meaning “protectress. In any case, Hephaistos held a grudge against his mother and even imprisoned her in a special throne. Callisto was another of Zeus’ lovers who caught the wrath of Hera as she was turned into a bear and hunted by Artemis. To nine months could Leto find a place ( Delos ) to give birth Artemis! 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