133 0 obj <> endobj Population Pyramid Gourd-shaped population pyramid The change in age composition in the population of Japan is clearly reflected in the changing shape of its population pyramid. The significance of these issues lies in the historical and social contexts in which current and future older adults have lived their lives. Many older adults want to work: 40% of workers aged 60+ years wished to continue working “for as many years as they can” (Cabinet Office, 2010). 0000003500 00000 n Realizing the likelihood of strong earthquakes in the foreseeable future and the vulnerability of urban communities, Japan is reviewing and reenforcing its emergency preparedness at multiple levels. Sociology, Chapter 5: Emotional Labor and Emotion work in Japan, Sociology, Chapter 10: Sexual Orientation,Intersexed, and Transgender in Japan, Sociology, Chapter 4: Significant others and Games. In the website it is stated that “Japan is the worlds oldest country” and from looking at the data provided by the website such as “In 50 years, it’s estimated by the government that 40% of Japan’s population will be over65″(1) it is clearly shown that Japan is getting older. The 2030 data are based on medium estimates. All rights reserved. 0000001408 00000 n Rebuilding broken social relationships, reintegrating isolated older adults, and encouraging older adults’ labor participation are major challenges in rapidly aging urban communities. (1) It is also added that the population of japan is mostly ethnic Japanese people because of the small number of foreign workers living there. A national consensus exists that old social relationships that tend to suppress individualism would not work anymore. Figure 1. Longitudinal, internationally comparable data are critical to advance knowledge on global aging. In 2000, Japan implemented a universal social long-term care insurance system, under the slogan, “from care by family to care by society” (Campbell & Ikegami, 2000; Tsutsui & Muramatsu, 2005). Sources - Wat is een bevolkingspiramide? UBC�� �;GBI ��>��S)�.�"_�5r�%���=�l�"�ω�Z8�m&o��z���ڙ��_��y�n�ի?�j�/�Y�'�XF��/�W�_(�� 0000001660 00000 n Their children, on the other hand, grew up and entered the workforce mostly during the recession. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 The Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 highlights the importance of community-based support systems and emergency preparedness. Each country, however, should develop systems that suit its local systems and cultures. The 2011 earthquake reminded Japan of its traditional societal strengths, exemplified by the predominantly rural Tohoku district. The left side is Male and the right side is Female. %PDF-1.5 %���� When young, many moved from rural to metropolitan areas and bought homes there. (1) http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/japan-population/, Sociology, Chapter 15: The Population Pyramid, http://worldpopulationreview.com/countries/japan-population/. Population aging affects local and national economies as well as pension, health, and long-term care systems. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) As it is shown in the picture, Japan used to have an expansive pyramid in 1950 which is described as longer bars in the bottom (which represents young people)and bars get shorter going to the top (which represents older people). Currently, the first two waves of data are publicly available. The Japan Gerontological Society, founded in 1959, has been a member of the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics since 1960 and currently involves seven academic societies that represent social gerontology, geriatrics, biomedical gerontology, gerondotology, psychogeriatrics, care management, and gerontological nursing. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America. Building on existing societal strengths may enhance the effectiveness of new systems to prepare for the future. Copyright © 2020 The Gerontological Society of America. Since the late 1990s, the total fertility rate has been consistently low (1.37 in 2009), much below the replacement level for a population. Geographic mobility has been low among the Japanese, and thus, those men and women, who constitute the core of the current oldest old, are now aging in urban communities. 0000006110 00000 n So far, in contrast to European countries, Japan has not actively recruited foreign workers to health and long-term care fields (Tsukada, 2010). 0000003030 00000 n Japan's population density was 336 people per square kilometer as of 2014 (874 people per square mile) according to World Development Indicators. If a magnitude 9.0 earthquake hit Tokyo, the effects would far exceed those of the Great East Japan Earthquake. Japan continuously learns from other countries and incorporates foreign elements that would fit Japan. Rapid declines in mortality and fertility after World War II accelerated population aging in Japan. 0000003817 00000 n Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 0000009616 00000 n ( 2 ) Census reports and other statistical publications from national statistical offices, ( 3 ) Eurostat: Demographic Statistics, ( 4 ) United Nations Statistical Division. However, the disaster, although certainly tragic, provides opportunities to rebuild communities in innovative ways that accommodate the “super-aging” society and protect against the natural disasters that hit Japan periodically. The rapidly growing oldest old population that is often cognitively impaired drives increasing long-term care costs and work force shortages. Publicly Available Longitudinal Survey Data of Older Adults in Japan. The 2030 data are based on medium estimates. Expanded to include seven municipalities in 2009. However, the new Statistics Act of 2007 (http://www.stat.go.jp/english/info/guide/2009ver/11.htm) acknowledges the importance of secondary analysis to inform policies. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. In 2005, the population was 127.7 million and in 2015, it dropped to 126.9 million. See also the number of migrants for this country. For example, the identified need for reading glasses among older evacuees activated a geographically distant network of eyeglass manufacturers to provide glasses. (P321) But it is noticed that the population pyramid of Japan is turning into a constructive pyramid in the year 2005. Thus, our goal here is to provide a broad overview of Japan’s societal and gerontological research contexts. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/user:Monaneko, GNU Free Documentation License, version 1.2 or later, Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Population_pyramid_of_Japan,_2005.svg, Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the, {{Information |Description={{en|1=The population pyramid of Japan (October, 2005). The proportion of people aged 65+ years in the total population is highest in the world: 23% in 2009 (Statistics Bureau, 2010). The ratio of 65 years and older population to the working-age (15–64) population is rising rapidly: In 2030, one person aged 65+ years will be supported by two working-age persons compared with 11.2 and 2.9 persons in 1960 and 2009, respectively (National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, 2010a; Statistics Bureau, 2003). It is critical to develop and strengthen community-based support systems, especially for those with limited physical and cognitive function. The authors would like to thank Yasuhiko Saito, Erika Kobayashi, Satoshi Shimizutani, Jersey Liang, Joan M. Bennett, and Marshall H. Chin, as well as Rachel Pruchno, and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful inputs and comments.