Job type. X Chicago was the metro area with the highest earnings for mathematicians in the nation, with an annual average salary of $151,960. Z, Salary by Job: We will send you an email to access your personalized report. Intern, contractor and hourly pay scale vary from regular exempt employee. She also works in social media management and creates test materials and other educational content for various companies. G On average, they make less than physicists but more than B N Salaries typically start from $58,099 and go up to $189,867. W In May 2011, mathematicians earned a mean annual wage of $101,320. V Mathematicians earn about the same as related careers in the United States. Samantha Ley writes career and education articles for various online publications. The top-paying industry for all mathematicians was scientific research and development services, with an annual wage of $117,970 per year. However, theoretical mathematicians are most likely to work in an academic setting, usually as professors in positions that combine teaching and research. The American Mathematical Society provides statistics regarding average faculty salaries. H Other top-earning metro areas included the District of Columbia (at $133,080 per year), Boston (at $120,750 per year) and Dayton, OH (at $98,630 per year). In May 2011, mathematicians earned a mean annual wage of $101,320. M E Total 26 Salaries. S In 2016, 3,100 people were employed in the U.S. as mathematicians. A Ph.D. in theoretical mathematics can be combined with other studies and experience that lead to mathematical work in an applied setting. The middle 50 percent of this group earned between $70,960 and $122,760 per year. K Job growth for all mathematicians was expected to be about as fast as the average for all industries, at 16 percent from 2010 to 2020 according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The federal executive branch employed the most mathematicians and paid an average of $107,020 a year. The average annual salary for mathematicians employed by postsecondary educational institutions was $75,760 per year.