There is a second, deeper reason why power sharing is good for democracies. A misunderstanding, to use an euphemism, soon developed between the Sinhalese and Tamil members of the Congress over the question of representation which caused an estrangement between him and the Congress. ********************************************, Regular Price: Rs.4,500 (within Sri Lanka) adoption needs to be looked at. For instance the minorities who live in Colombo and in the Estates not too big. (a) Sinhala-speakers or Sinhala Community. also be considered and this arrangement could also be given constitutional Which is a prudent reason for power-sharing? alternative methods available and tried out in other countries that come out of An intelligent sharing of power among legislature, executive and judiciary is very important to the design of a democracy. (a) It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order, (b) Power-sharing is the very spirit of democracy, ► (a) It reduces the possibility of conflict between communities and ensures the stability of political order. Ans : True 5. However it is a In Sri Lanka, the polices of government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala- speaking majority. goal of both these methods is inter-ethnic power sharing. Kandyan Convention for a three-unit federation. What led to tensions between the Dutch-speaking and French-speaking communities in Belgium during the 1950s and 1960s? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); * 4. implementation. 40. Power can be shared in modern democracies in the following ways: (a) Among different organs of the government. Since then a strange destiny has hung over the Tamil people. Power sharing is desirable because it helps, ► (b) to reduce possibilities of conflicts. (Hartzell CA, & Hoddie M, 2015). Starting with SWRD Bandaranaike’s advocacy of federalism; the Donoughmore Constitution, said to have been described as a “political windfall” for the Sinhalese, by G. G. Ponnambalam, so recorded by Jane Russel in “Communal Politics under the Donoughmore Constitution” (1982); Leonard Woolf’s Memorandum of 1938, suggesting a Swiss model, i.e. The wars had been It brings together for the first time the historical documentation on power-sharing commencing from the year 1926. Security concerns of minorities cannot be addressed by any independence constitution embodied in the Keuneman-Vaidialingam Memorandum, and 8. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The Indo-Sri Lanka Accord called for the devolution of power to the provinces and resulted in the 13th Amendment to the Sri Lankan Constitution, which created provincial councils with a degree of decentralized power. Sri Lanka is facing the problems because of supporting the Tamilians in the state. 127 civil wars in the world that ended during that period. • The submissions to and conclusions of the Donoughmore Commission, including by the Power sharing increases the possibility of conflict between social groups. I was also kindly provided with a loose leaf copy of the publication. 27. “So there is serious concern about the validity of the agreement, and if it’s not valid I think India has no moral right to interfere in our affairs,” Weerasekara said. power to the periphery. and Dudley Senanayake-Chelvanayakam Pacts. social contract for the benefit of ordinary people. Which of the statements about power-sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka are correct? In which one of the following countries principle of majoritarianism led to civil war? 3. when it was referred to the Supreme Court for clearance before enactment in the 28. to the present. Constitution submitted to the Constituent Assembly in 1970-72. guarantee. Centrepetalism by contrast aim at voluntary per-electoral inter-ethnic North and East c. East and West d. South and East Q.2. LankaWeb.com offers the contents of this website without charge, but does not necessarily endorse the views and opinions expressed within. In 1991, a suspected Tamil Tiger suicide bomber killed former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who had signed the agreement. Thu, Oct 8, 2020, 09:29 pm SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 30. Sri Lankan Tamils have family, linguistic and cultural ties with Tamils in South India, and India was eager that the conflict in its neighboring country did not create unrest within its own territory. Weerasekara said Rajapaksa chose last year not to criticize India’s revocation of statehood for its disputed Jammu and Kashmir region because it was an internal matter, while Modi may have called for power sharing with Tamils because India was party to the earlier agreement with Sri Lanka. success anywhere in the world, yet they say it is the only means of encouraging Neither the LankaWeb nor the individual authors of any material on this Web site accept responsibility for any loss or damage, however caused (including through negligence), which you may directly or indirectly suffer arising out of your use of or reliance on information contained on or accessed through this Web site. Ans : True 3. that could be used in resolving the problem in Sri Lanka. For example some stability has been achieved in Burundi as both 16. 20. Serving the Sri Lankan community globally since 2000, Sri Lankan minister criticizes India for power-sharing call. (a) Power is shared among different organs of the government, ► (c) Power is shared by different social groups. (d) The transformation of Belgium from a unitary government to a federal one prevented the division of country on linguistic lines. Having traversed an Eighty year journey the Editors then ask the soul searching question why a Sinhala majority government is still unable to deliver the promises of democracy? We must also remember that the Supreme Court only very narrowly Who is to answer this soul searching question ? Thu, Oct 8, 2020, 09:29 pm SL Time, ColomboPage News Desk, Sri Lanka. intervention, including those by the Government of Sri Lanka, the TULF, and the based conflicts are not uncommon in the world. 13th Amendment carries land and police powers which are almost The degree of power sharing in the areas of politics and economy as +94 11 2565304 – 6, Extension 100/101 or (email) Welikala, A, Edrisinha, R, Gomez, M & Thamilmaran, VT (eds) 2009, Power Sharing in Sri Lanka: Political and Constitutional Documents 1926 – 2008. vol. He then founded the Ceylon Tamil League in1923 to guide Tamil public opinion, but did not live long enough to guide our fortunes. ISGA proposal. Ans : False 4. the demand for balanced representation made by G.G. important constitutional proposals and political ideas that have featured in debates about In which part of Sri Lanka are the Sri Lankan Tamils concentrated? Powered by Wordpress, Power sharing arrangements in conflict resolution, Orientation Programme for Ambassadors/High Commissioner designates. The Government in which power is shared by two or more political parties, is known as: 34. 32. 29. the East. Parliament in 1987. Of the 67 countries mentioned above which had adopted ‘Truth and Science’ has won the US presidential election; will America win the world through it? Ethnic In fact the coalition governments at the centre  that include the minorities proposed by latter it is stable and economy is doing well. Dr. Wimalawansa’s scathing attack on Sri Lanka’s superb management of Covid-19. during the time of kings there were administrative units at village level which North and South b. (b) Both of them dealt with the question of power-sharing similarly 22. later power sharing had extended to other areas such as economic, territorial Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Learn more. “I have my reservations about the Indo-Lanka accord ... did India honor her part in that agreement?” Weerasekara asked, adding that India had failed to ensure disarmament, an end to hostilities and the resettlement of displaced people. India in 1987 intervened to end the civil war between Sri Lankan government forces and minority ethnic Tamil rebels. Weerasekara is the minister in charge of the councils. Which of the following statements is not true? Which two languages are generally spoken in Belgium? “as to why so many creative as well as painfully negotiated concepts of power-sharing failed to guide the country towards moderation, compromise and the common good.”. very successful to say the least. arrangement may be viewed as an agreement between elite groups instead of a The former On a pilgrimage to the sacred shrines of India, in the midst of his devotions he passed away on the 9th of January 1924. submissions of M. Tiruchelvam, Q.C., in the Amirthalingam Trial-at-Bar, and the LTTE’s 1. population ratios of the minorities utilizing those elected to parliament could would In which one of the following year Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country? Copyright © 2020 LankaWeb.com. Provincial Councils Minister Sarath Weerasekara’s comments in Parliament are seen as the island nation’s response to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s request last month to his Sri Lankan counterpart, Mahinda Rajapaksa, for the full implementation of constitutional provisions for power sharing with Tamil minority regions. Sri Lankan government forces crushed the rebels in 2009, ending a 26-year civil war that killed at least 100,000 people, according to the U.N. Successive Sri Lankan governments have pledged to India and the U.S. that they will share more power with the Tamils to ensure peace, but President Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who was elected last November, has rejected the idea. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Power sharing is desirable and reduces possibilities of Political power sharing at cabinet level proportional to utilized with improvements to solve the problem. From 1945 to 2006 there had been 2 Literature on Power Sharing in Sri Lanka The number of monographs and well -researched articles on the theme of power sharing in Sri Lanka is much fewer than could have been expected on an issue that is so import ant in Sri Lanka’s recent and current history. However whether these Of See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details.