In moderate amounts, they also supply dietary fiber and the essential minerals, magnesium and phosphorus whereas other nutrients are in low amounts (table). 19 Answers. Hot Corn: Life Scenes in New York Illustrated (Series appearing in 1853 in the NY Tribune, later as a book). Other parts of grain can be consumable as well, as livestock eat the stalks as silage. 0 0. Are They Development Strategies? Estimating the substitution of distillers'grains for corn and soybean meal in the U.S. feed complex. Is sweet corn a vegetable or a grain? Reptile Experts: Why do geckos lick their eyeballs? When the whole maize plant (grain plus stalks and leaves) is used for fodder, it is usually chopped all at once and ensilaged, as digestibility and palatability are higher in the ensilaged form than in the dried form. The combine with a corn head (with points and snap rolls instead of a reel) does not cut the stalk; it simply pulls the stalk down. This randomly selects half the genes from a given plant to propagate to the next generation, meaning that desirable traits found in the crop (like high yield or good nutrition) can be lost in subsequent generations unless certain techniques are used. A maize mutant (bx) lacking DIMBOA is highly susceptible to attack by aphids and fungi. [43] Photoperiodicity can be eccentric in tropical cultivars such that the long days characteristic of higher latitudes allow the plants to grow so tall that they do not have enough time to produce seed before being killed by frost. The bulk of the collection consists of several hundred named genes, plus additional gene combinations and other heritable variants. They feature a large hopper that feeds the uniformly sized maize kernels (or wood pellets or cherry pits) into the fire. The latter produce sheaves that can be shocked. Chrysanthemin is found in purple corn and is used as a food coloring. Archeological evidence from Florida sites indicate they cultivated it as well. Maize (/meɪz/ MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. Genetic data describing the maize mutant stocks as well as myriad other data about maize genetics can be accessed at MaizeGDB, the Maize Genetics and Genomics Database. Before World War II, most maize in North America was harvested by hand. Modern farming techniques in developed countries usually rely on dense planting, which produces one ear per stalk. DIMBOA is also found in related grasses, particularly wheat. Solon Robinson. Maize is relatively cheap and home-heating furnaces have been developed which use maize kernels as a fuel. The following table shows the nutrient content of maize and major staple foods in a raw harvested form. Whether the ears were hand-picked and the stover was grazed, or the whole plant was cut, gathered, and shocked, people and livestock did all the work. In most regions today, maize grown in residential gardens is still often planted manually with a hoe, whereas maize grown commercially is no longer planted manually but rather is planted with a planter. Source(s): [123] The allergic reaction can cause skin rash, swelling or itching of mucous membranes, diarrhea, vomiting, asthma and, in severe cases, anaphylaxis. [16] The Olmec and Maya cultivated maize in numerous varieties throughout Mesoamerica; they cooked, ground and processed it through nixtamalization. By hand or mechanical picker, the entire ear is harvested, which then requires a separate operation of a maize sheller to remove the kernels from the ear. Wolfgang Goettel, Joachim Messing. [86], In 2016, maize production was forecast to be over 15 billion bushels, an increase of 11% over 2014 American production. [85], Maize is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of maize is produced each year than any other grain. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Find more similar words at! G raw sweet potato ", "The cultural and chronological context of early Holocene maize and squash domestication in the Central Balsas River Valley, Mexico", "Starch grain and phytolith evidence for early ninth millennium B.P. [22], After the arrival of Europeans in 1492, Spanish settlers consumed maize and explorers and traders carried it back to Europe and introduced it to other countries. This reduces the supply of the other food crops and increases their prices.[105][106]. Individual knobs are polymorphic among strains of both maize and teosinte. [109] Traditional mazes are most commonly grown using yew hedges, but these take several years to mature. Today ensilaging can occur not only in siloes but also in silage wrappers. The word "corn" outside the US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand refers to any cereal crop, its meaning understood to vary geographically to refer to the local staple. [39] Stands of silage maize are yet denser,[citation needed] and achieve a lower percentage of ears and more plant matter. What is another name for corn? This, in turn, results in farm acreage being diverted from other food crops to maize production. B raw unenriched long-grain white rice [45], Ear of maize with irregular rows of kernels, While yellow maizes derive their color from lutein and zeaxanthin, in red-colored maizes, the kernel coloration is due to anthocyanins and phlobaphenes.