But after having said that the Jews and Israelites would be safe, though stripped naked of all defences, he adds, He will speak peace to the nations; that is, though he will not use threats or terrors, nor bring forth great armies, yet the nations will obey him; for there will be no need of employing any force. dominion
earth — fulfilling Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:31; and Psalm 72:8. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". (o) No power of man or creature will be able to stop this kingdom of Christ, and he will peaceably govern them by his word. The omnipotence of God can and will carry out His word, and glorify His temple. all this does not design so much the outward peace that should be in the world at the birth of Christ, as the spiritual peace of his kingdom; and that, as it is not of this world, so neither is it spread, supported, and defended by carnal weapons; and also the peaceableness and safety of his subjects, and the destruction of their enemies: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen; not only the church of Christ, gathered out of the Jews, should enjoy great spiritual peace, prosperity, and safety; but the Gentiles also should share in it, to whom Christ went, and preached peace; not in his own person, being the minister of the circumcision: but by his apostles, who had the ministration of reconciliation committed to them; and being sent forth by Christ, went everywhere preaching peace by him, who is Lord of all, unto all nations; see Ephesians 2:17. and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth; according to Aben Ezra, from the Red Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and from the river Euphrates to the ends of the earth: or, as Kimchi cites him, from the south sea, called the sea of Edom, to the north sea, which is the sea of the ocean; from the river that goes out from Eden, which is at the beginning of the east, unto the ends of the earth, which is the end of the west: or, as the Targum paraphrases it, "from the sea to the west, and from Euphrates to the ends of the earth.'. In 538 B.C., after Babylon fell to Cyrus of Persia, Cyrus issued an edict that made it possible for the exiles to return to Jerusalem and to rebuild the temple. This meant that he did two things. This same peace He brought to all who gathered themselves to His empire and guidance, that, emerging from intestine wars and foul darkness, they might behold the light of liberty, and, in all wisdom keep the grace of God.". Our text is one of the great Messianic prophecies of the Old Testament. ), But God speaks of David only, and the words are the same as here; and there was no oracle more commonly known among the Jews. That word, "fear not," with which Moses, not God, infused courage into the people, who were alarmed at the terrible phenomenon with which Jehovah came down upon Sinai, has no such central significance as that Haggai could point to it without further introduction, and say that Jehovah had concluded it with them on their coming out of Egypt. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". 167-168). And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim,.... That is, the military one; signifying that wars shall cease, Psalm 46:9. and the horse from Jerusalem; the warlike one; see Micah 5:10. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/zechariah-9.html. Hengstenberg and Koehler adopt the same view. Chariot. The she-ass was to follow, to set forth Zechariah's figurative description with greater completeness. Neither chariot, bow nor sword, brought salvation to him, neither shall they be mentioned in the day of his conquest. He then adds —. But we must notice the language here used. The “river” is the Euphrates. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. The preachers of his gospel shall carry it from one country to another; from one island and continent to another; till the remotest parts of the earth are enlightened, and reduced by it to the obedience of the faith, and the practice of love and holiness. BibliographyWesley, John. But his kingdom is a spiritual kingdom. But although the accusative in Hebrew is often used, in the relation of free subordination, "to express more precisely the relation of measure and size, space and time, mode and kind" (cf. This verse is also intended to signify that the kingdom of the Messiah should be a kingdom of peace, by which characteristic it is frequently described in the prophetic writings. Zechariah 9:10. ), enabling them to erect the tabernacle in a proper manner, and one well-pleasing to God (Luc., Osiander, and Koehler). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/zechariah-9.html. The Gospel writers believed Jesus was the coming King, but they said He fulfilled only Zechariah 9:9, not Zechariah 9:10, during His past earthly ministry ( Matthew 21:5; John 12:15; cf. I will cut off — When the Messiah comes and sets up his kingdom, he will need no external force. BibliographyConstable, Thomas. But his kingdom is a spiritual kingdom. Consequently ‛ōmedeth, as predicate, not only belongs to rūchı̄, but also to haddâbhâr, in the sense of to have continuance and validity; and according to a later usage of the language, עמד is used for קוּם, to stand fast (compare Isaiah 40:8 with Daniel 11:14). And his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river. 7. like a mighty man--in the battle with the foe ( Zechariah 10:3 Zechariah 10:5). Bible Commentaries / John Gill's Exposition of the Bible / Zechariah / Zechariah 9 / Zechariah 9:9; Share Tweet. Used by Permission. when Babylonia destroyed Jerusalem and forced the Jewish people into exile in Babylon. (p) That is, from the Red Sea, to the Sea called Syriacum: and by these places which the Jews knew, he meant an infinite space and area over the whole world. Learning & Values Texts & Writings Classic Texts Tanakh - The Hebrew Bible Nevi'im - Prophets Zechariah Zechariah - Chapter 9 « Previous Chapter 8. Chapter 9. The cutting off of the chariot, the battle bow, and the horse were prophecies of the rejection by Christ's church of the instruments of warfare as a means of advancing the truth. The return … Continue reading "Commentary on Zechariah 9:9-12" 1801-1803. 9 Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion! Revelation 19:11-16). children shall see it--who are not yet of age to serve. We now then understand the real meaning of this passage. Study the bible online using commentary on Zechariah 2 and more! 10. He shall speak it to them, as He who hath power to give it to them, peace with God, peace in themselves, the reconciliation of God and man, and the remission of their sins. 1840-57. 1909-1922. ", "Admittedly, exegesis of the passage apart from NT considerations would never uncover the distinction just suggested between the verses. as an appendix to the word עני , as much as to say: The King of whom I speak will not be illustrious for His magnificent and splendid state, as earthly princes generally are.” He then gives this explanation of the riding upon the ass: “He will not prevail by His great exaltation; nor will He be conspicuous for arms, riches, splendour, the number of his soldiers, or even the royal insignia, which attract the eyes of the people.”). "Commentary on Zechariah 9:10". The LORD will make flashing clouds; He will give them showers of rain, Grass in the field for everyone. "Commentary on Zechariah 9:10". This leads to the further promise in Haggai 2:6-9, which gives the reason for the exhortation, "Fear ye not.". It shall not be advanced by outward force or carnal weapons. The Prophet here expresses more clearly what he had briefly referred to by the word poor, and by the metaphor which we have explained. It is this same lowly and afflicted king, whose entry into Jerusalem is on a despised animal, who shall, by His mere will, make war to cease, who shall, by His mere word, give peace to the pagan. Zechariah 9:9-10. I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim: when the Messiah comes and sets up his kingdom, he will need no external force, he will do that by the power of his Spirit; chariots of war are for other kind of kings and kingdoms, but in promoting of his own kingdom he will make no use of such force. 9 The burden of the word of the Lord Against the land of Hadrach, And Damascus its resting place (For the eyes of men And all the tribes of Israel Are on the Lord); 2 Also against Hamath, which borders on it, And against Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise. "Commentary on Zechariah 9:10". Another thing intended in this prediction is, that Christ’s kingdom should not be set up, nor advanced, by external force and violence, by carnal weapons, or an arm of flesh; but by the power of truth and grace. Just as the coming of the King does not contain within itself a sign of earthly power and exaltation, so will His kingdom not be established by worldly power. "Scofield Reference Notes on Zechariah 9:10". Rosscup: Here is an evangelical commentary well-done in 493 pp. In that day there will be an enforced righteousness, and He will n… And He shall speak peace unto the pagan - As the Apostle says, “He came and preached peace to you which were afar off, and to them that were nigh” Ephesians 2:17. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.