in the ruins of Nineveh (1852), p23, Colossal quartzite statue of Amenhotep III, Amun in the form of a ram protecting King Taharqa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lachish_reliefs&oldid=985573473, Middle Eastern objects in the British Museum, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 18:29. 11 December 2016. 875-860 B.C.E., from Kalhu (Nimrud), Iraq; gypsum, gift of Dr. Henri Byron Haskell, Medical School Class of 1855. 12 April 2017.  Sennacherib's conquests of Judean cities, without the capital Jerusalem, are mentioned in the Bible, the book of Kings, Book of Chronicles and in the book of Isaiah. 6 March, 2015. Kafanov, Lucy. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Assyrian reliefs. , "The Lachish Reliefs and the City of Lachish", Discoveries Among the Ruins of Nineveh and Babylon, p128, Outline of the history of Assyria: as collected from the inscriptions discovered by Austin Henry Layard, Esq. Rey, Dr. Sebastian and Dr. John MacGinnis. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. “Professor Higginbotham: The Islamic State’s Attack on the Past.” Bowdoin College News. “Hobby Lobby Agrees to Forfeit 5,500 Artifacts Smuggled Out of Iraq.” The New York Times. Original article by Trustees of the British Museum.  Other authors point out that the siege of Jerusalem is not depicted on the Lachish relief because it resulted in failure and the relief was seen as a way of compensation for not conquering Jerusalem. “Nimrud: Photos show IS destruction of ancient Iraqi city.” BBC News. 29 Sep 2017. By 701 BCE the Assyrian kings, based in Nineveh (modern-day Mosul Governorate, Iraq), built their enormous empire. 15 November 2016, Professor Higginbotham: The Islamic State’s Attack on the Past.” Bowdoin College News. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Bibliography We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. “Islamic State is driven from ancient Nimrud, where destruction is ‘worse than we thought.’” The Washington Post. It is possible that this form of decoration was adopted by Assyrian kings following their campaigns to the west, where stone reliefs were used in Neo-Hittite cities like Carchemish. 12 March 2015, “ISIS Bulldozes One-of-a-Kind Ancient Palace in Iraq.” National Geographic. Ellis-Petersen, Hannah. 9 January 2016. Critical support for the Assyrian Collection at the Bowdoin College Museum of Art is provided by the Yadgar Family Endowment. The figures face the door’s entrance.  The size of the relief, its position in the central room of his palace and the fact that the Lachish relief constitutes the only battle portrait created by Sennacherib, indicate the importance he gave to this battle and presumed victory over Judah. Books The most spectacular use of stone reliefs, however, was as panels which decorated the mud-brick walls in palaces and temples up to a height of 2.6 metres. 11 December 2016. At each of these sites the kings built palaces to glorify their reigns, adorning the walls with superbly carved reliefs in gypsum and limestone. Servants at Dur-Sharukkin (Khorsabad)by Jastrow (Public Domain). Dr. Henri Byron Haskell, Bowdoin Medical School Class of 1855, selected the five large reliefs in this exhibition and sent them to Brunswick, where they arrived in 1860. What is a citadel? Carved at the behest of the Assyrian king Ashurnasirpal II in the ninth century B.C.E., these stone panels once decorated the walls of the royal palace in the king’s new capital at ancient Kalhu, located along the upper reaches of the Tigris River, in present-day northern Iraq.