There is something terrifying in the harsh sounds of the wind and rain beating on your roof. Hurricanes and tropical storms affect Rhode Island due to its location. by Our Global Climate Team | Jul 1, 2019 | Changes in the World, According to the National Geographic Society, “Hurricanes are giant, spiraling tropical storms that can pack wind speeds of over 160 miles (257 kilometers) an hour and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons (9 trillion liters) of rain a day. A hurricane can unleash more than 9 trillion liters (2.4 trillion gallons) of rain a day. Hurricane Donna battered the eastern U.S. from late August until mid-September. Despite lasting only a few minutes and traveling a few miles before exhausting themselves, a tornado can be very destructive. This is how they are able to tear through buildings and throw trees around like toothpicks. When hurricanes occur out on the water, they are typically harmless to those on land. 5. “The Category 4 hurricane was the worst natural disaster ever to strike the United States territory and the third costliest storm on record, after all, having caused an estimated $90 billion in damage.”. Storm surges can reach 6 meters (20 feet) high and extend to over 150 kilometers (93 miles). After the outer eyewall forms, the inner (original) eyewall may decay, during which the maximum wind speed in the hurricane typically decreases. The system quickly intensified as it moved over the Atlantic, becoming a hurricane on 1 September. When a tropical storm’s maximum sustained winds reach 74 mph (119 km/h), it is called a hurricane. Depending on the probability to cause damage and their wind speeds, there are five categories to group hurricanes. Coastal regions are particularly vulnerable to the impact of a hurricane, compared to inland regions. We know that they are rotating clouds that …, Keeping your car clean can be difficult in the winter or during water restrictions linked to drought crisis. Overview. 20 Amazing Crocodile Facts Hurricanes are given names in an alphabetical order. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. In the northwestern Pacific Ocean; in the south Pacific or the Indian Ocean, for example, hurricanes usually known as typhoons.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'ourplnt_com-box-3','ezslot_1',192,'0','0'])); Hurricanes get classified by their sustained wind speed. Good information, but very poorly written article. Hurricanes are natural weather disaster. The Largest Alligator Ever Measured As if they were not reeling from a terrible earthquake in 2010, in 2012, Hurricane Sandy returned to Haiti the island to an even worse disaster zone. In the United States, 40% of the hurricanes, which occur, hit Florida. Also an animal lover! Your email address will not be published. hurricanes are an all too common occurrence, Atlantic Hurricanes left billions in damage, biggest hurricane known to man was Typhoon Tip, What to Do During an Earthquake: Everything You Need to Know, Types Of Tornadoes: Everything You Should Know, Best Waterless Car Wash: Our Top Picks Revealed, Energy Efficient Homes and Their Impact on the Environment, The Best Climate Change Books You Need to Read, Incredible Coral Reef Facts You Need to Know, Interesting Things To Know About An F5 Tornado. The names can only be repeated after six years. “…Hurricane Katrina was a storm no one expected to expose the US government to a pile of shame while leaving the people of New Orleans to experience their worst nightmare”? Top 10 Driest Places On Earth In the United States, 112 people were killed. Numerous studies, research and tallies put the death toll from Hurricane Maria to well over 5000 people. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. You have not seen the devastation on a national level until you have seen the after effects of a major hurricane. Hurricane Elena in the Gulf of Mexico. Here some of the more interesting findings. Hurricane Donna, known in Puerto Rico as Hurricane San Lorenzo, was the strongest hurricane of the 1960 Atlantic hurricane season, and caused severe damage to the Lesser Antilles, the Greater Antilles, and the East Coast of the United States, especially Florida, in August–September. How To Protect Endangered Fish And Prevent Them From Extinction, The Atlantic Ocean’s hurricane season peaks from mid-August to late October and averages five to six hurricanes per year.”. The storm surge is the increase in sea level due to the hurricane. The eye of both hurricanes passed over Anguilla, Barbuda, and Saint Martin. Enjoy our fun hurricane facts for kids. noun (in Tibetan Buddhism) a representation of a thunderbolt in the form of a short double trident or sceptre, symbolizing the male aspect of the spirit and held during invocations and prayers. There is so much to learn about these deadly storms. Top 6 Largest Fish Species Then, a new eyewall may begin to form outside of the original contracting eyewall, often from one of the innermost spiral bands. It was the deadliest hurricane and also the deadliest natural disaster in United States history. Starting in 1953, the National Hurricane Center gave all hurricanes female names. Typhoon Tip happened in the year 1979 in the northwest Pacific. Material goods can always be replaced, while life cannot. It then causes the level of the water level to get higher and forms huge rolling waves, even tsunamis. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Spanish people first used the word hurricane as Huracan, which denotes to weather gods. John F. Kennedy was elected president of the United States by defeating Richard Nixon. Hurricane is actually the name of a tropical cyclone that occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and the northeastern Pacific Ocean. Over the last 200 years, hurricanes have led to the death of around 2 million people worldwide. I also take care of stray cats & dogs. Each year, tropical storms are named in alphabetical order according to a list produced by the WMO (you can see the full list here). Connie was first detected as a tropical storm over the tropical Atlantic on August 3, 1955. Some interesting facts about these two hurricanes: Both formed near the Cape Verde Islands at the end of August. The hurricane that occurred in 1943 cause human to fly for the first time. Hurricanes are born over hot deep-sea waters close to the equator. Back in 2005, Hurricane Wilma cost the government $20,587,000,000. 1970 Bhola cyclone was a devastating tropical cyclone that struck East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) and India’s West Bengal on November 3, 1970. Nevertheless, when they travel towards land they usually cause serious damage and loss of life. “Typhoon Tip” was the largest hurricane ever recorded, 11. The United Nations released a statement that the Hurricane Matthew disaster “has affected 350,000 people and left Haiti facing its worst humanitarian crisis since the devastating earthquake … years ago. The Great Hurricane of 1780, also known as Huracán San Calixto, the Great Hurricane of the Antilles, and the 1780 Disaster, is the deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record. Chan School of Public Health and other institutions.”. Hurricanes are very powerful tropical storms (also known as a tropical cyclone). They still have not returned to 100% capability or operation. What is a hurricane? They bring flooding, tsunamis and even tornadoes. Hurricane winds can reach speeds of up to 320 km/h (200 mph), 3. The Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS) is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane’s sustained wind speed. Hurricane Irma has been compared to a hurricane that devastated Florida 57 years prior, Hurricane Donna. For a sufficiently strong storm, air may sink over a layer deep enough to suppress cloud formation, thereby creating a clear “eye”. Hurricane winds can reach speeds of up to 320 km/h (200 mph) This is strong enough to rip up grown trees from the ground and destroy buildings. It was said 64 persons died. Hurricane Ike was also responsible for at least 195 fatalaties. Required fields are marked *. The diameter of the eye can anywhere from 3.2 km (2 miles) to over 320 km (200 miles) but they are usually around 30-65 km (19-40 miles). Here are a few more interesting facts about hurricanes: “The term ‘hurricane’ is derived from ‘Taino’ , a Native American word which means the evil spirit of the wind.” Hurricanes produce intense rain along with tremendously powerful winds. Hurricanes are given names by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) so that they can be distinguished. “These storms are called hurricanes when they develop over the Atlantic or eastern Pacific Oceans.