Broccoli is a cool-season vegetable and is closely related to cauliflower and cabbage, requiring similar production requirements. It is a cool-season annual crop. If you've ever heard of broccolini, it is also selectively bred from the same wild cabbage. For more info about my favorite vegetable (hopefully yours too) click here! California produces nearly 92 percent of the broccoli grown in the U.S, followed by Arizona. All rights reserved. This wild cabbage plant species is known as Brassica oleracea. It is considered a dual use vegetable because fresh varieties can be used for either the fresh or processing market. It is the result of many years of picky - choosy selective breeding. [13] Consumption of frozen broccoli also increased, but at a slower rate from 1.5 pounds to 2.6 pounds within the same period. The word broccoli comes from the Italian plural of broccolo, which means "the flowering crest of a cabbage", and is the diminutive form of brocco, meaning "small nail" or "sprout". Broccoli is not only filled with numerous vitamins but promotes healthy digestion, as well as brain function. Broccoli comes from the selective breeding of wild cabbage (Brassica oleracea) plants starting around the 6th century BC. … Although California is the major producing state, broccoli it is grown in nearly every state. If you want to sound even smarter than you already are, refer to broccoli as the product of selective breeding. Her recipes range from Grandma’s favorites to the latest food trends. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? According to a survey by Green Giant, broccoli is held near and dear to America's heart. Broccoli has been grown in Europe for centuries, but has only been grown in the United States since 1925. It is a derivative of wild mustard and is the Chinese version of broccoli. In 2017, global production of broccoli (combined for production reports with cauliflowers) was 26.0 million tonnes, with China and India together accounting for 73% of the world total. [5] Broccoli has its origins in primitive cultivars grown in the Roman Empire. Although broccoli has been around for many centuries, it has only been grown widely in the United States for the past 50 years. Prices Pour autoriser Verizon Media et nos partenaires à traiter vos données personnelles, sélectionnez 'J'accepte' ou 'Gérer les paramètres' pour obtenir plus d’informations et pour gérer vos choix. According to a survey by Green Giant, broccoli is held near and dear to America's heart. As far as vegetables are concerned, broccoli is a bit divisive–people either love it or hate it, but its history as a preferred source of food and nutrition has existed since the Roman Empire. [6] It is eaten raw or cooked. A 100 gram reference serving of raw broccoli provides 34 calories and is a rich source (20% or higher of the Daily Value, DV) of vitamin C (107% DV) and vitamin K (97% DV) (table). Other cultivar groups of Brassica oleracea include cabbage (Capitata Group), cauliflower and Romanesco broccoli (Botrytis Group), kale and collard (Acephala Group), kohlrabi (Gongylodes Group), Brussels sprouts (Gemmifera Group), and kai-lan (Alboglabra Group). The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status. Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family (family Brassicaceae, genus Brassica) whose large flowering head, stalk and small associated leaves are eaten as a vegetable. ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? By adding your email you agree to get updates about Spoon University Healthier. The special thing about broccolini is it goes a step further than broccoli. Its name, from the Italian broccolo, describes the flowering top of a cabbage - an homage to broccoli's origins. Depending on which type of broccoli you get, though, their taste can range from mild to extremely bitter. Although broccoli has been around for many centuries, it has only been grown widely in the United States for the past 50 years. Broccoli was an invention. The stalks and flower florets are eaten both raw and cooked and have a flavor reminiscent of cabbage, though broccoli is also related to kale, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts. Based on most recent production and price averages, the estimated gross value per acre is $6,800 for fresh market broccoli. The earliest documented cultivation of broccoli dates back to ancient times, when it was developed in Calabaria, Italy. So now, go forth, share your new knowledge, and eat some broccoli! Recently, I read a Reddit thread in which a community member claimed that broccoli is man-made. After a lot of cross-breeding, one is left with the perfect form of  BROCCOLI! Broccoli is the star in these stir-fries, soups, salads, and casseroles. Although some cooks do enjoy them prepared in the manner of chard or kale, the bitter leaves are usually discarded in preparing broccoli for a meal. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. The names, words, symbols, and graphics representing Iowa State University are trademarks and copyrights of the university, protected by trademark and copyright laws of the U.S. and other countries. California exports 15 to 20 percent of its fresh market broccoli production. To cook either, put the broccoli in a saucepan with 1 inch of water or in a steaming basket over 1 inch of water. Let's find out. Would kids eat more broccoli if it tasted … Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. The mass of flower heads is surrounded by leaves. Interestingly enough, broccoli didn't actually become a hit in the U.S. until the 1920s. Broccoli has large flower heads, usually dark green in color, arranged in a tree-like structure branching out from a thick stalk which is usually light green. When the cluster of flowers, also referred to as a "head" of broccoli, appear in the center of the plant, the cluster is generally green. BY Stacy Conradt. Due to the many ways it can be cooked, as well as all of the health benefits, broccoli has tripled in consumption over the past 30 years. Raw broccoli also contains moderate amounts (10–19% DV) of several B vitamins and the dietary mineral manganese, whereas other micronutrients are low in content (less than 10% DV). Broccoli is part of the cabbage family. In the 1700s, famous farming genius Thomas Jefferson planted some of the first broccoli on American soil. [3], Broccoli is classified in the Italica cultivar group of the species Brassica oleracea. The emergence of the value-added fresh sector, which includes pre-cut and bagged broccoli florets and broccoli coleslaw is helping to expand markets for broccoli and the added convenience is help expand total broccoli use. These vegetables are also products of selective breeding! Introduction {{cite encyclopedia|title = Broccoli|last = Liptay|first = Albert|year = 1988|publisher =, "Broccoli—Brassica oleracea L. (Italica group)", "Broccoli (and cauliflower) production in 2017, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "A Mechanistic Perspective on Process-Induced Changes in Glucosinolate Content in Brassica Vegetables: A Review", "The Best Broccoli Varieties to Grow Your Own |Gardeners Path", "British research leads to UK-wide launch of Beneforté broccoli", "Human bitter perception correlates with bitter receptor messenger RNA expression in taste cells", "Genetics and bitter taste responses to goitrin, a plant toxin found in vegetables", List of North American broccoli cultivars, "Creating a broccoli for all seasons to hedge against climate change",, Articles containing Italian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 10:22. There is a common misconception that broccoli was developed by a an Italian family with the surname Broccoli in the 18th century in Italy. Copyright © 2019 Her Campus Media LLC. There is very little evidence to support this myth, according to Swampy Acres Farm. So you are correct.. Fresh-market production accounts for 95 percent of the U.S. crop. Furrow flood irrigation on a field of broccoli raised for seed in Yuma, Arizona. Broccoli, to some extent, can actually be considered as a man-made food. Etruscans first brought broccoli to current day Italy. Like every good historical product, it began to be traded throughout the world, until it reached the United States. As a broccoli proponent, I easily dismissed this as a conspiracy theory. Processed broccoli is typically frozen for retail sale and marketed as either spears or chopped, while a limited amount is canned for soups. Many varieties of orange exist today. Known for its green hue and resemblance to a tiny tree, broccoli has been the bane of kid’s existence since it was first introduced in the Mediterranean almost 1,000 years ago. The average broccoli yield in 2017 was 157.6 cwt (7.9 tons) per acre, down 10 percent from 2015. The Etruscans are credited for several agriculture endeavors including acquiring the base for commercial broccoli, wild cabbage. Découvrez comment nous utilisons vos informations dans notre Politique relative à la vie privée et notre Politique relative aux cookies. Broccoli is most certainly a man-made food. Its English name, broccoli, is derived from the Italian word broccolo, which means "the flowering crest of a cabbage," and the Latin brachium meaning arm, branch, or shoot. Although broccoli has been around for many centuries, it has only been grown widely in the United States for the past 50 years. (ERS, Yearbook 2018). Yahoo fait partie de Verizon Media. [4], Broccoli resulted from breeding of cultivated Brassica crops in the northern Mediterranean starting in about the sixth century BC. [14], Mostly introduced by accident to North America, Australia and New Zealand, "cabbage worms", the larvae of Pieris rapae, also known as the "small white" butterfly, are a common pest in broccoli.[15]. Broccoli IS NOT, I repeat, IS NOT considered a genetically modified organism (GMO). If there were no people, there would be no broccoli - at least not in the form we see it in today. To thaw frozen broccoli, place it in a colander under cool running water until thawed. Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family (family Brassicaceae, genus Brassica) whose large flowering head, stalk and small associated leaves are eaten as a vegetable.