According to Christoph Butterwegge the Elterngeld was meant to "motivate highly educated women to have more children"; the poor on the other hand were disadvantaged by the Elterngeld, and now received lower child benefits than the middle classes. More. Most immigrants come from other European countries, particularly from Turkey, Russia, Poland and Italy. [6] Islam is the second largest religion in Germany, with an estimated 6.1% of the population according to a 2017 Pew Research Survey. In some regions the number of women between the ages of 20 and 30 has dropped by more than 30%. According to the last nationwide census, Protestantism is more widespread among the population with German citizenship; there are slightly more Catholics total because of the Catholic immigrant population (including such groups as Poles and Italians). 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 83,517,046 Population. There are also many assimilated Sinti and Roma. World Population: Total World Population as of July 1 of the year indicated. In 1924 the Union of Poles in Germany had initiated cooperation between all national minorities in Germany under the umbrella organization Association of National Minorities in Germany. [22]. Dutch is taught in states bordering the Netherlands, and Polish in the eastern states bordering Poland. The population density in Germany is 240 per Km 2 (623 people per mi 2). State funded costfree childcare was available to all mothers. This parameter provides an indication of age distribution. Nowadays,[when?] [73] In 2004, twice as many Jews from former Soviet republics settled in Germany as in Israel, bringing the total inflow to more than 100,000 since 1991. [24], In the following years, the TFR in the East started to rise again, surpassing 1.0 in 1997 and 1.3 in 2004, and reaching the West's TFR (1.37) in 2007. Urban Population Germany Urban vs. Until now, only Hesse has followed Berlin's announcement, and agreed on implementing concrete measures to support Romany speakers. Some of these immigrants are of mixed ancestry. Because of this, Great Britain and France will both surpass Germany’s population. p. 15, Statistisches Bundesamt. [citation needed] Even before the German invasion of Poland, leading anti-Nazi members of the Polish minority were deported to concentration camps; some were executed at the Piaśnica murder site. [24], Note: Berlin is included into East Germany for the year 2002 and 2008. Pollution is also a massive legacy of the East German era, where industrial output was prioritized more highly than the environment, and many seek to move simply for a better quality of life. Although living standards have improved dramatically in the East over the past 20 years, it still lags behind in economic development, and as a result, many people head west in search of better job opportunities. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 25M 50M 75M 100M. However, a growing number of inhabitants are functionally illiterate. Usually pyramids are drawn with the % of male population on the left and % of female population on the right. The economic region stretches across three federal states. Still, these cities are much larger when the metropolitan area is taken into account. The number of atheists and agnostics is far higher in Eastern Germany than in Western Germany, largely because of the Communist East German state's general policy of discouraging religious belief. Source: UN World Population Prospects[16]. There are four groups considered "national minorities," which means their ancestors lived in their regions for many centuries. In 1986 38% of all women, who were about to graduate from college, were mothers of at least one child and additional 14% were pregnant and 43% of all men, who were about to graduate from college, were fathers of at least one child. Neue Daten zur Kinderlosigkeit in Deutschland. The figures presented here are based on this definition only. Except speaking High (standard) German.". 5% of those about to graduate from college are parents. Protestantism is concentrated in the north and east and Roman Catholicism is concentrated in the south and west. English is the most common foreign language and almost universally taught by the secondary level; it is also taught at elementary level in some states. Currently, the birth rate is 9.397 births per 1,000 people, which has been declining every year. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. [41], In 2009, 3.0 million of the persons of immigrant background had Turkish roots, 2.9 million had their roots in the successor states of the Soviet Union (including a large number of Russian-speaking ethnic Germans), 1.5 million had their roots in the successor states of Yugoslavia including 200.000 Albanians and 1.5 million had Polish roots. A 2009 study shows Germany is near the median in terms of overweight and obese people in Europe. We use the CDC, NIH and individual state and county databases for verification and supplementation for USA data. Currently, 76.4 % of the population of Germany is urban (63,787,507 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). [80] According to the Eurobarometer Poll 2010, 44% of German citizens responded that "they believe there is a God", 25% responded that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 27% responded that "they don't believe there is any sort of spirit, God or life force". Population statistics since 1900. In 2010, about 15% of the families with a migrant background contained three or more minor children, as compared with just 9% of the families without a migrant background. Until World War II the Poles were recognized as one of the national minorities. A study done in 2005 in the western German state of Nordrhein-Westfalen by the HDZ revealed that childlessness was especially widespread among scientists. As a consequence the younger generation refused to adopt the native language of their parents. They represented 29% of the total of 8.1 million families with minor children. Year: as of July 1 of the year indicated. [30], Between 1989 and 2009, about 2,000 schools closed because there were fewer children.[26]. These children live in relative poverty, but not necessarily in absolute poverty. Numerous persons from Tunisia and Morocco live in Germany. [54] Female guest workers had to sign contracts saying that they were not allowed to fall pregnant during their stay. In contrast, most Poles in present-day Germany are recent immigrants, though there are some communities which have been present since the 19th and perhaps even the 18th centuries. [4] In 2008, fertility was related to educational achievement (women with lower levels of education were having more children than women who had completed higher education). [42](number includes ethnic German repatriates), Most of the families with a migrant background live in the western part of Germany. Nearly 50,000 Indians live in Germany. In 2007 the so-called Elterngeld was introduced. The researchers assume a reduction in the per capita income of €3,700 until 2040. The reason for that east-western difference is that the GDR had an "educated mother scheme" and actively tried to encourage first births among the more educated. Roma people have been in Germany since the Middle Ages. [41] In 2015, 36% children under 5 years old had migrant background. Since the end of World War II, the number of students entering university has more than tripled, and the trade and technical schools are among the world's best. Germany is divided into 16 states, referred to collectively as Länder, and each state has its own constitution and remains fairly autonomous. Older people regularly use the language and take private initiative to maintain the language, but the lack of innovative potential of the younger generation hinders language maintenance. Germany's ageing population and struggling economy strained the welfare system in the 1990s, so the government adopted a wide-ranging programme of belt-tightening reforms, Agenda 2010, including the labour-market reforms known as Hartz concept.