[22] They were later joined by Arab and Persian traders from the Middle East. Muslims are the biggest minority in the state accounting for 9.5% of the population. During the British Raj, Gujarati businesses served to play a major role to enrich the economy of Karachi and Mumbai. Products-News By Industry-News", "India largest milk producing nation in 2010–11: NDDB", "News Release: Taste of India Continues to Commemorate its Producers", "Gujarati Writers in India, Gujarati Novelists of India, Gujarati Poets", "Crisis-hit Gujarati film industry gets 100% tax rebate", "Gujarat govt announces new policy for incentives to Gujarati films", The dinosaur wonders of India's Jurassic Park, "Forest and tree resources in states and union territories", "A conservation success story in the otherwise dire megafauna extinction crisis: The Asiatic lion (, "Like humans, animals too have a right to migrate", "Camera trap proves Gujarat now has tiger", "Tiger that trekked from MP to Gujarat died of starvation: Post-mortem report", "Amitabh Bachchan offers to become brand ambassador of Gujarat", "Statue of Unity – Project Features, Progress & Major Facts", "Statue of Unity now getting 30k daily visitors: Guj officials", "World's only mountain that has more than 900 temples", "Narendra Modi justifies gutkha ban in Gujarat", "Gujarat | Gujarat State Aviation Infrastructure Company Limited", "Airports | Gujarat State Aviation Infrastructure Company Limited", "First 6 km works of Ahmedabad Metro to complete by September 2016:CM", "IIMT -International Institute of Management and Technical Studies-Distance Education Distance Learning Institute", "Association of Indian Management Schools (AIMS)", "Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian Space Program passed away 45 years ago", "Dhirubhai Ambani – The founder of Reliance", "Gujarat, New Jersey ink sister state MoU", "Gujarat Govt, Delaware State of America sign MoU for sister state", "Senate Concurrent Resolution No. While Gujarati speakers constitute a majority of Gujarat's population, the metropolitan areas of Ahmedabad, Vadodara and Surat are cosmopolitan, with numerous other ethnic and language groups. The child population comprises 16.19 % of total rural population of Kachchh district. In 1497, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama is said to have discovered the Europe-to-India sea route which changed the course of history, thanks to Kutchi sailor Kanji Malam, who showed him the route from the East African coasts of Mozambique sailing onwards to Calicut off the Malabar coast in India. Muhammad Azam was then the Subedar (governor) of Gujarat. They work some for some and others for others. [137], Gujarat is the main producer of tobacco, cotton, and groundnuts in India. It is one of the oldest universities of Gujarat and provides education in Faculty of Fine Arts, Engineering, Arts, Journalism, Education, Law, Social Work, Medicine, Science and Performing Arts. Hinduism constitutes 88.57% of Gujarat population. He also founded Physical Research Laboratory, a research institute encompasses Astrophysics, Solar System, and cosmic radiation. The country in general has a population density of 4-16 people. Gujarat was placed under the political authority of the Bombay Presidency, with the exception of Baroda State, which had a direct relationship with the Governor-General of India. [40] From 1297 to 1300, Alauddin Khalji, the Turko-Afghan Sultan of Delhi, destroyed the Hindu metropolis of Anhilwara and incorporated Gujarat into the Delhi Sultanate. [127] In 2011, Vibrant Gujarat Global Investors' Summit MOUs worth ₹ 21 trillion (US$ 463 billion) were signed. In 2001, total population was 50,671,017 in which males were 26,385,577 while females were 24,285,440. The population of Gujarat was 60,439,692 (31,491,260 males and 28,948,432 females) according to the 2011 census data. With his defeat, Gujarat became part of the Muslim empire, and the Rajput hold over Gujarat would never be restored. After this victory, the Arab invaders were driven out of Gujarat. The raas-garba is a folk dance done as a celebration of Navratri by Gujarati people. This acts like a ration card, providing permanent identification for the status of cultivated land, as well as farmers' names, account numbers, survey numbers, soil fertility status and general fertiliser dose. Gujarat is home for the Gujarati people. 2021 Census procedure is going to become one of the largest population counting processes in the world. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Gujarat with 88.57 % followers. Siddi Sayyid) or Bantu peoples from Southeast Africa that were brought to the Indian subcontinent as slaves by the Portuguese and Arab merchants. by M.R. The new state had a mostly Gujarati-speaking north and a Marathi-speaking south. IIMT STUDIES also launched GET SET GO programme in 2013 in affiliation with Gujarat Technological University and Gujarat Knowledge Society, Department of Technical Education- Government of Gujarat. 4 | Senate Office of International Relations", "Gujarat, Guangdong look to strengthen trade relations", "Modi to reconnect in Russia with Astrakhan", "Russia, India turn to Gujarat to help increase trade turnover", North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gujarat&oldid=986846764#Demographics, States and territories established in 1960, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from January 2012, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from July 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from October 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2017, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.