[3] The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important crop in India and parts of Africa. Niacin (vitamin B3) in millet can help lower cholesterol, Aids in treating respiratory conditions such as asthma, Helps to optimize kidney, liver and immune system health, Reduces risk of gastrointestinal conditions like gastric ulcers or colon cancer, Eliminates problems like constipation, excess gas, bloating and cramping, Millet acts as a prebiotic feeding microflora in your inner ecosystem. The most commonly cultivated millets are in bold and marked with an asterisk (*).[4]. It is ideally suited to irrigation where livestock finishing is required.[40][41][42]. A 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) reference serving of raw millet (Panicum miliaceum or proso millet) provides 1,580 kilojoules (378 kilocalories) of food energy and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of protein, dietary fiber, several B vitamins and numerous dietary minerals, especially manganese at 76% DV (USDA nutrient table). They are highly tolerant of drought and other extreme weather conditions and have a similar nutrient content to other major cereals.[6]. Proso millet was introduced into the eastern U.S. in the 18th century, and is today grown largely in the Dakotas, Colorado and Nebraska. Millet grows rapidly and can be grazed 5–7 weeks after sowing, when it is 20–30 cm high. The exam pattern, mode and syllabus of the Assistant Examination will be uploaded in website as and when it is decided by ICAR, New Delhi :: Recruitment of Young Professional-I & Young Professional–II one each. Evidence for the cultivation of pearl millet in Mali dates back to 2500 BCE,[21] and pearl millet is found in the Indian subcontinent by 2300 BCE. Millet is a C4 plant, which means that it has good water-use efficiency and utilizes high temperature and is therefore a summer crop. Compared to forage sorghum, which is grown as an alternative grazing forage, animals gain weight faster on millet, and it has better hay or silage potential, although it produces less dry matter. A C4 plant uses a different enzyme in photosynthesis from C3 plants, and this is why it improves water efficiency. The plant can quickly come to head, so it must be managed accordingly because as the plant matures, the value and palatability of feed reduces. Millet porridge is a traditional food in Russian, German, and Chinese сuisines. Millet is frost-sensitive and is sown after the frost period, once soil temperature has stabilised at 14 °C or higher. [29] Millets are not only adapted to poor, droughty, and infertile soils, but they are also more reliable under these conditions than most other grain crops. Millets are also used as bird and animal feed. [2] The crop is favored due to its productivity and short growing season under dry, high-temperature conditions. The highest feed value is from the young green leaf and shoots. "[26][27] And millet is listed along with wheat in the third century BCE by Theophrastus in his "Enquiry into Plants".[28]. [41] There is no need for additional feed supplements such as Sulphur or salt blocks with millet. The following table shows the nutrient content of millet compared to major staple foods in a raw form. Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana. [23], The cultivation of common millet as the earliest dry crop in East Asia has been attributed to its resistance to drought,[10] and this has been suggested to have aided its spread. Other millets such as ragi (finger millet) in Karnataka, naachanie in Maharashtra, or kezhvaragu in Tamil, "ragulu" in Telugu, with the popular ragi rotti and Ragi mudde is a popular meal in Karnataka. It contains a layer of smashed millet and mungbean topped with sliced dried coconut meat wrapped in a crunchy rice cake. Get health information, news and recipes by subscribing to our monthly newsletter.