For immigration, a 7.2% rise is predicted and for stagnation[clarification needed], a decrease of 1.7%. In addition Germany has a comprehensive school known as the Gesamtschule. 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 2055 2060 2065 2070 2075 2080 2085 2090 2095 2100 82,193,770 Population. 2007. They are part of a wider community (Frisia) stretching from Germany to the northern Netherlands. As of 2019[update], the numbers of selected groups of resident foreign nationals (non-naturalized residents) in Germany were as follows:. Jg., Band 2, Leverkusen: Verlag Barbara Budrich, Bundesintitut für Bevölkerungsforschung 2012.  Buddhism has around 200,000 adherents (0.2%), Judaism has around 200,000 adherents (0.2%), Hinduism 90,000 (0.1%), Sikhism 75,000 (0.1%) and Yazidis religion (45,000-60,000). Its population density stands at 229.4 inhabitants per square kilometer. Located in the northwestern part of Germany, the main axis contains the cities of Bremen, Delmenhorst and Oldenburg, with the cities of Wilhelmshaven and Bremerhaven being the northern corners at the north sea. . Year. Germany Area and Population Density. As of 2012, the largest sources of net immigration to Germany are other European countries, most importantly Poland, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Spain, and Greece; notably, in the case of Turkey, German Turks moving to Turkey slightly outnumber new immigrants. We have chosen the years between 1950-2050 for our Pyramid to show a balance of historical and future projections. This figure was more than double that in the new Länder (incl. Military and security service personnel strengths: the German Federal Armed Forces have approximately 180,000 active duty personnel (62,000 Army; 16,000 Navy; 28,000 Air Force; 27,000 Joint Support Service; 20,000 Medical Service, 13,000 Cyber and Information Space Command; 14,000 other). The reason for this is that the areas of Germany which formerly had a native Polish minority were annexed to Poland and the Soviet Union, while almost all of the native German populations (formerly the ethnic majority) in these areas subsequently fled or were expelled by force.  Jews have a voice in German public life through the Central Council of Jews in Germany (Zentralrat der Juden in Deutschland). , In the following years, the TFR in the East started to rise again, surpassing 1.0 in 1997 and 1.3 in 2004, and reaching the West's TFR (1.37) in 2007.  Since the reunification of Germany, the number of non-religious people has grown and an estimated 38.8% of the country's population are not affiliated with any church or religion.. Focus. Germanypop.svg 800 × 600; 15 KB. Despite protests by some in the older Polish-German communities, and despite Germany being now a signatory to the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, Germany has so far refused to re-implement minority rights for ethnic Poles, based on the fact that almost all areas of historically mixed German-Polish heritage (where the minority rights formerly existed) are no longer part of Germany and because the vast majority of ethnic Poles now residing in Germany are recent immigrants. While some German schools such as the Gymnasium and the Realschule have rather strict entrance requirements, the Gesamtschule does not have such requirements. According to the first census since reunification, Germany's population was 80,219,695 (9 May 2011), making it the sixteenth-most populous country in the world and the most populous in the European Union. The Saxonian and Thuringian dialects have less prestige and are subject to derision. Household income or consumption by percentage share: US 8.8%, France 8.2%, China 6.8%, Netherlands 6.7%, UK 6.6%, Italy 5.1%, Austria 4.9%, Poland 4.7%, Switzerland 4.2%, motor vehicles, machinery, chemicals, computer and electronic products, electrical equipment, pharmaceuticals, metals, transport equipment, foodstuffs, textiles, rubber and plastic products, machinery, data processing equipment, vehicles, chemicals, oil and gas, metals, electric equipment, pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, agricultural products, Netherlands 13.8%, China 7%, France 6.6%, Belgium 5.9%, Italy 5.4%, Poland 5.4%, Czechia 4.8%, US 4.5%, Austria 4.3%, Switzerland 4.2%. 229.99 Germany. Altersaufbau 2060 Wikipedia.JPG 588 × 667; 52 KB. While Eastfalian has lost speakers to Standard German, Westfalian has lost speakers to Standard German and Standard German based regiolect of the Rhine-Ruhr area. August 2000, Stephan Lanz: "Berlin aufgemischt — abendländisch — multikulturell — kosmopolitisch?  In contrast to the old-established Roma population, the majority of them do not have German citizenship, they are classified as immigrants or refugees. A constitutional amendment approved in 2009 limits the federal government to structural deficits of no more than 0.35% of GDP per annum as of 2016, though the target was already reached in 2012. Population: 82,193,770. Eastern and Northern Frisians live at Schleswig-Holstein's western coast, and in the north-western part of Lower Saxony. According to Christoph Butterwegge the Elterngeld was meant to "motivate highly educated women to have more children"; the poor on the other hand were disadvantaged by the Elterngeld, and now received lower child benefits than the middle classes. -5 -1 2016 +1 +5.  1.9% of the country's overall population declare themselves Orthodox Christians, with Serbs, Greeks, Montenegrins, Ukrainians and Russians being the most numerous. While speaking a dialect outside its native region might be frowned upon, in their native regions some dialects can be spoken by all social classes. Other commonly-taught languages are French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Russian. The language too has an own literature (around 150 published books every year) and there are many theatres (mostly lay stages, but some professional ones, like for example Ohnsorg-Theater). As a consequence the younger generation refused to adopt the native language of their parents. Since the 1960s, ethnic Germans from the People's Republic of Poland and Soviet Union (especially from Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine), have come to Germany. Since the end of World War II, the number of students entering university has more than tripled, and the trade and technical schools are among the world's best.  (in German). Bielefeld: transcript Verlag; p. 113, Karin Weiss: "Die Einbindung ehemaliger vietnamesischer Vertragsarbeiterinnen und Vertragsarbeiter in Strukturen der Selbstorganisation", In: Almut Zwengel: "Die "Gastarbeiter der DDR — politischer Kontext und Lebenswelt". Before the shutdown of the eight reactors, Germany relied on nuclear power for 23% of its electricity generating capacity and 46% of its base-load electricity production. Current news . English is the most common foreign language and almost universally taught by the secondary level; it is also taught at elementary level in some states.  All other religious communities in Germany have fewer than 50,000 (<0.1%) adherents. Population pyramid of Italy in 2016. note: general government gross debt is defined in the Maastricht Treaty as consolidated general government gross debt at nominal value, outstanding at the end of the year in the following categories of government liabilities (as defined in ESA95): currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares excluding financial derivatives (AF.3, excluding AF.34), and loans (AF.4); the general government sector comprises the sub-sectors of central government, state government, local government and social security funds; the series are presented as a percentage of GDP and in millions of euros; GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices; data expressed in national currency are converted into euro using end-of-year exchange rates provided by the European Central Bank, Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark, temperate and marine; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain (foehn) wind, lowlands in north, uplands in center, Bavarian Alps in south, coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land, most populous country in Europe; a fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations, particularly in the far western part of the industrial state of North Rhine-Westphalia, emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions, is damaging forests; pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany; hazardous waste disposal; government established a mechanism for ending the use of nuclear power by 2022; government working to meet EU commitment to identify nature preservation areas in line with the EU's Flora, Fauna, and Habitat directive, strategic location on North European Plain and along the entrance to the Baltic Sea; most major rivers in Germany - the Rhine, Weser, Oder, Elbe - flow northward; the Danube, which originates in the Black Forest, flows eastward, German 87.2%, Turkish 1.8%, Polish 1%, Syrian 1%, other 9%, Roman Catholic 27.7%, Protestant 25.5%, Muslim 5.1%, Orthodox 1.9%, other Christian 1.1%, other .9%, none 37.8%.  Nearly all German universities are public institutions, tuition fees in the range of €500 were introduced in some states after 2006, but quickly abolished again until 2014. The Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic followed different paths when it came to demographics. Reforms launched by the government of Chancellor Gerhard SCHROEDER (1998-2005), deemed necessary to address chronically high unemployment and low average growth, contributed to strong economic growth and falling unemployment. The birth rate of college-educated women has risen. Young motherhood seemed to be less attractive and the age of the first birth rose sharply. ", "In East Germany, a Decline as Stark as a Wall", "Lack of Women in Eastern Germany Feeds Neo-Nazis", "East Germany overtakes West Germany: recent trends in order-specific fertility dynamics", "State & society - Births - Average number of children per woman - Federal Statistical Office (Destatis)", "The Growth of Germany's Muslim Population", "Prognose: Wohlstand in Deutschland wird sinken", "Publikation - STATmagazin - Population - Families with a migrant background: traditional values count - Federal Statistical Office (Destatis)", "Bevölkerung mit Migrations - hintergrund auf Rekordniveau", "Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund – Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus 2017", "The Deportation and Destruction of the German Minority in the USSR", "Jewish Population of the World - Jewish Virtual Library", "Pressemitteilungen - Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund um 8,5 % gestiegen - Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis)", https://www.destatis.de/DE/Themen/Gesellschaft-Umwelt/Bevoelkerung/Migration-Integration/Publikationen/Downloads-Migration/auslaend-bevoelkerung-2010200197004.pdf?__blob=publicationFile, "State & society - Current population - Federal Statistical Office (Destatis)", "Kreisfreie Städte und Landkreise nach Fläche und Bevölkerung 31.12.2009", "Gebiet und Bevölkerung – Fläche und Bevölkerung", https://www.leipzig.de/fileadmin/mediendatenbank/leipzig-de/Stadt/02.1_Dez1_Allgemeine_Verwaltung/12_Statistik_und_Wahlen/Statistik/Leipzig_fb_Migranten.pdf, "2015: Mehr Asylanträge in Deutschland als jemals zuvor", "Gesamtschulen und Grundschulen sind das Beste in unserem Schulsystem", https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gm.html, "Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland – Herz-/Kreislauferkrankungen nach wie vor häufigste Todesursache", "Bevölkerung und Kirchenzugehörigkeit nach Bundesländern Table 1.1 shows 63.4 % of the German population to be Christians of which 2.2% outside the Evangelische Landeskirchen (EKD) and the Roman Catholic Church.