Depending on the organism, some terms are taken by analogy from vertebrate anatomy, and appropriate novel terms are applied as needed. from the Latin: venter — the belly Hickman, C. P., Jr., Roberts, L. S. and Larson, A. Demonstrative § Distal and proximal demonstratives, "A proposal for a standard terminology of anatomical notation and orientation in fossil vertebrate dentitions", 10.1671/0272-4634(2003)23[1:APFAST]2.0.CO;2, "Evaluation of the extent of neoplastic infiltration in small intestinal tumours in dogs", "Collins Online Dictionary | Definitions, Thesaurus and Translations", "Dictionary by Merriam-Webster: America's most-trusted online dictionary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatomical_terms_of_location&oldid=988269234#Dorsal_and_ventral, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 04:03. Structures closer to the radius are radial, structures closer to the ulna are ulnar, and structures relating to both bones are referred to as radioulnar. For example, in a fish, the pectoral fins are dorsal to the anal fin, but ventral to the dorsal fin. Where is the IAP also known as MAP sensor on a 1992 Dodge Stealth?  For example, the terms "distal" and "proximal" are also redefined to mean the distance away or close to the dental arch, and "medial" and "lateral" are used to refer to the closeness to the midline of the dental arch. Anatomical lines are used to describe anatomical location. Abs=anterior side.  This is because the brain is situated at the superior part of the head whereas the nose is situated in the anterior part. Thoracic cavity. Synonyms for ventral include intestinal, abdominal, duodenal, visceral, stomachic, coeliac, enteric, gastric, gastroenteric and gut. In projectional radiography terminology, an anteroposterior (AP) projection is taken with the X-ray generator anteriorly (such as in the front of a human), and the X-ray detector posteriorly. Dorsal and ventral. How can I ask colleagues to use chat/email instead of scheduling unnecessary calls? Ventral is an adjective with the meanings: Directed toward or situated on the belly surface of, or anterior aspect of, the body; pertaining to the part or location opposite the anatomic back. Top antonyms for ventral (opposite of ventral) are dorsal, abaxial and rear. Posterior (from Latin, comparative of posterus ("following") from post- meaning "after") is the opposite and refers to the part of the organism encountered "after" (or opposite) the anterior side. , This terminology is also employed in molecular biology and therefore by extension is also used in chemistry, specifically referring to the atomic loci of molecules from the overall moiety of a given compound..  The position is often abbreviated. The word ventral literally means belly! In these cases, dorsal/ventral is instead synonymous with superior (from Latin superior, comparative of superus "that is above," from super "above") and inferior (from Latin inferus meaning "low" or "below"). If … What is the best way to fold a fitted sheet? Think of ventral (Latin venter = "belly") as being associated with the belly side (with belly referring to "swelling" or "inflating") -- or typically the side of the organism containing the digestive and respiratory organs. In such organisms, only terms such as superficial and deep, or sometimes proximal and distal, are usefully descriptive. Ventral synonyms and Ventral antonyms. Why do these angles look weird in my logo? You can find a pretty good list of anatomical etymologies here, here, here, or by simply searching "[word of interest] etymology" in Google. Anatomical axes in a human, similar for other orthograde bipedal vertebrates, Spheroid or near-spheroid organs such as testes may be measured by "long" and "short" axis.. An organism that is symmetrical on both sides has three main axes that intersect at right angles. How to break the cycle of taking on more debt to pay the rates for debt I already have? I have checked many websites but all state that Dorsal is the same as Posterior and Ventral is the same as Anterior. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. ‘Ventral’ is the opposite anatomical term to the ‘dorsal’ and it describes anatomical structures located towards the stomach of the body.  However, humans stand upright on two legs, meaning their anterior/posterior and dorsal/ventral directions the same, and the inferior/superior directions necessary. How do I match both upper and lower case letters using regex in bash? A note about quadrupedalism (as summarized on Wikipedia [my emphasis added]): Although the words quadruped and tetrapod are both derived from terms meaning "four-footed", they have distinct meanings. Aurelia aurita, another species of jellyfish, showing multiple radial and medio-peripheral axes, The sea star Porania pulvillus, aboral and oral surfaces, Special terms are used for spiders.